Posted on Apr 12, 2022 113
Brazil is famous for soccer, carnival and coffee. But that’s only a few of the things that make this colorful country interesting.
1. Newly discovered evidence suggests that people came to Brazil over 30,000 years ago.
2. The name Brazil comes from pau-brasil, which means “tree of Brazil” in Portuguese, Caesalpinia echinata. This tree is a national symbol of the country and a natural resource that has played an important role in its economic development.
3. Brazil borders all countries of the South American continent except Chile and Ecuador.
4. Brazil is the world’s fifth-largest country by land area and sixth-largest by population. Its area is 8.5 million km². It is 47% of South America’s territory. Brazil’s population exceeds 207 million people. At the same time, population density in Brazil is low - only 22 people/km² (151st place in the world). The population is unevenly distributed: Brazil’s largest city, São Paulo, has about 21 million people.
5. Since 1997, São Paulo has hosted one of the largest gay pride parades in the world, with between 3 and 5 million participants.
6. In terms of per capita income, Brazil is in 77th place in the world.
7. Brazil was the last country in America to abolish slavery - in 1888. During the colonial period, slaves brought from Africa were given the surname Silva. It is now the most common surname in Brazil.
8. For the past 150 years, Brazil has been the world leader in coffee production. The country produces about 2 million tons of coffee annually, about one-third of the world’s production. Brazil accounts for 46% of world production of Arabica coffee.
9. The city of Brasilia was built in only 41 months (less than 3.5 years) in 1956-1960. Prior to that, Rio de Janeiro was the capital of 197 years. A map of Brasilia looks like an airplane.
10. From 1806 to 1821, Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Portugal. This happened when King João VI of Portugal and his court, fearing the occupation of Lisbon by Napoleon’s army, moved to Brazil, which at the time was a colony of Portugal. This is the only time in history that a European capital was outside the continent. After, his father returned to Portugal in 1821, his son remained in Brazil as regent.
11. On September 7, 1822, Brazil’s independence from the metropolis was declared. João VI’s son was crowned Emperor of the Brazilian Empire under the name Pedro I. Emperor Pedro II, who succeeded him on the Brazilian throne, ruled until 1889, when he was overthrown by the military, after which Brazil was proclaimed a republic (official name - “Republic of the United States of Brazil”). Brazil is now divided into 26 states.
12. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Brazil attracted over 5 million European and Japanese immigrants. Most of the Japanese, except Japan itself, live in Brazil - 1.4 million people (0.8% of the population of the country).
13. 13. Only 43% of Brazil’s adult population has completed secondary education, compared to 87% in Sweden.
14. The most beautiful beach, according to TripAdvisor, is in Brazil. It is Baia do Sancho in the Fernando de Noronha archipelago. Here 21 islands form a marine park that attracts divers from all over the world. It features green and hawksbill turtles, whales, lemon and reef sharks, clownfish, anemones and parrotfish.
15. Brazil is the country with the most national parks in both Americas. Brazil has 72 national parks scattered throughout its territory, but most of them are in the northern region.
Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park
16.The Amazon, the most full-flowing and largest river in the world in terms of basin area, flows through Brazil. About 220,000 cubic meters of water flows from the Amazon into the Atlantic Ocean every second.
17. The Statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Its construction lasted from 1922 to 1931 and was timed to coincide with the centennial of Brazil’s independence. About 1.8 million tourists visit the statue each year.
18. Residents of Brazil are forbidden to travel to the island of Queimada Grande (35 km from the coast of the state of Sao Paulo), because it is occupied by snakes. There are 5-6 reptiles per square meter here, although the island itself is tiny - only 430 square meters.
19. Soccer is the national sport in Brazil. The Brazilian national team has won the World Cup five times.
20. Brazil is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world. It has two biodiversity hotspots: the Atlantic forest, and the savanna known as the cerrado, six terrestrial biomes and three large marine ecosystems. Over 70% of the animal and plant species catalogued in the world live in Brazil - about 4 million in total. Of these, about 104,000 animal species and about 43,000 plant species live only in Brazil.