Posted on Jun 20, 2022 21
Beautiful flowers have been a decoration of the home for many centuries. They are used as a gift to express attention, and even decorate clothes and hair with them. And biologists are fascinated by their diversity, the most interesting properties of some species and the complete uniqueness of others. The lifespan of some of them is very short, but bright and beautiful, like the creation itself.
Facts about flowers
1. All the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction of coeval plants take place exactly in flowers.
2. The smallest flowers can be seen in ponds, the common cokweed. Their diameter does not exceed 1 millimeter. And the largest, Rafflesia arnold, grows in Indonesia, and its diameter exceeds 90 cm with a weight of up to 11 kg.
3. The name forget-me-not has the same meaning in all major European languages.
4. The largest flower in the world, Amorphophallus titanum, also grows in Indonesia. It reaches three meters in height.
5. In the Middle Ages there was a proper language of flowers. Thus, with a rose with myrtle, a noble knight let it be known that he was asking a lady for her hand in marriage, and a branch of a cherry tree with a flower meant a declaration of love. Such “flower language” is called “selam”.
6. The Malaysian golden orchid is considered the most expensive flower in the world. It blooms for the first time only when it is 15 years old.
7. In Germany, in the city of Hildesheim grows the oldest flowers in the world grow . The rose bush near the local cathedral is over a thousand years old.
8. Real mimosas are lilac, not yellow. The yellow ones, commonly called mimosas, are Acacia silvery.
9. People began growing flowers in gardens about 4,000 years ago. The oldest gardens, as far as we know, were arranged by the ancient Egyptians.
10. Flowers are present on the coats of arms of many countries - Switzerland, the Netherlands, Ireland, Iran and many others.
11. In the United States, each of the states has its own symbol flower.
12. Some kinds of flowers are quite edible. For example, dandelions cooked specially make jams and even salads.
13. There are no black flowers in the world. There is no white either - those that seem to be so, in fact, just colorless.
14. In the mountains of South America grows an amazing flower that blooms only once in a lifetime, and only after reaching the age of about 150 years.
15. In Japan, chrysanthemums are considered imperial flowers, and one of the highest state honors is called the Order of the Chrysanthemum.
16. In China, peonies are believed to ward off evil spirits. By the way, these flowers got their name in honor of the legendary healer Pean, who, according to legends, treated even the gods.
17. Some flowers are resilient. One kind of wild rose even grows near the Arctic Circle.
18. Tulip flowers were worth their weight in gold the first time they appeared in Europe.
19. Now the Netherlands is famous for its tulips, but few people know these flowers were brought into their country by the Dutch only in the 16th century from Turkey.
20. Bees can distinguish between flowers with and without nectar, guided by the patterns they see on the petals.
21. In India, flowers are often used in rituals of sacrifice - they are burned in a sacred fire.
22. All bellflowers always point downward to protect their delicate insides from rain.
23. The first plant to bloom in space was the Arabidopsis. It was brought to the Soviet orbital station Salyut-7 in 1982 for experimental purposes.
24. The amazing Australian orchid rhizanthella gives flower not on the surface, but underground. It’s even pollinated by beetles, not bees.
25. People have bred about 50,000 kinds of roses, all descended from the wild rosebush.
26. The number of petals in a rose flower varies from 5 to 128.
27. It has been experimentally proven that flowers respond differently to different people, depending on how they treat them.