Posted on Jun 13, 2022 30
Such destructive phenomenon of nature as a tornado is one of the most dangerous in the world. Destructive tornadoes are unstoppable and wreak havoc in their path, lifting entire structures into the air, breaking houses and tossing cars. The only way to escape an approaching tornado is to get out of its path or take refuge in a safe underground shelter.
1. Of all the countries in the world, the United States is the most affected by this phenomenon of nature. Every year, 700-800 large tornadoes, or hit the locals.
2. In 1990, a cow fell from the sky and sank a small ship into the Sea of Okhotsk. A tornado picked it up somewhere far away, and then, having dissipated, released it. The crew was saved.
3. The width of the tornado funnel depends directly on the surface over which it goes. Above water, the funnel rarely exceeds 20-40 meters in width, but on land it can reach up to 3 kilometers.
4. Tornadoes almost always occur during the day, and rarely at night.
5. Unlike tornadoes, tornado whirlwinds, which can be both snow and dust, are much less dangerous because of their much lower strength.
6. The wind speed in the tornado funnel wall can reach 850 miles per hour. This is many times faster than the speed of any hurricane on Earth.
7. Scientists have calculated that an average tornado with a one-kilometer diameter funnel contains energy comparable to that of an average nuclear bomb.
8. Usually tornadoes do not last long, a few hours at most. The official record is 7 hours and 20 minutes.
9. There are people who have survived being in the middle of a tornado. All of them, in one way or another were lucky to find a safe shelter in time.
10. In 1879, a powerful tornado tore a steel bridge from its supports and literally tied it in a knot.
11. An ordinary piece of wood, when sucked up by a tornado, accelerates to such furious speeds that it can penetrate a wall made of brick.
12. In Europe, tornadoes are commonly referred to as clots.
13. The color of the tornado, the sound it produces, and the smell it spreads depend on what this deadly whirlwind has absorbed.
14. In the Northern Hemisphere, because of the Coriolis force, tornadoes always rotate counterclockwise, and in the Southern Hemisphere - clockwise. Very rare cases of reverse rotation have been recorded.
15. Most often, tornadoes are formed over water, but they may also occur on land.
16. It is the tornado that is the fastest wind on our planet.
17. Tornadoes can take in water and its inhabitants, then rain down fish and frogs. Once a tornado even rained spiders down on a province in Argentina.
18. In the first half of the last century in the United States, a tornado lifted and hurled away a locomotive with cars, the total weight of which reached 83 tons.
19. It is impossible to predict the occurrence of a tornado. At least no one has ever done so.
20. At the very center of the tornado, the air is as calm as in the calm.
21. The Big Red Spot, the most monstrous tornado in the solar system, comparable in size to the Earth, has been raging on Jupiter for over three centuries.
22. Tornadoes never occur in sunny, cloudless weather.
23. On average, the tornado travels overland at a speed of about 31.0694 MPH , but in the U.S. once the tornado, which has passed through three states for 3 hours, has overcome 217,48 mile.
24. Off the coast of the U.S. state of Florida, tornadoes occur almost every day, but they usually live too short to reach the shore and cause destruction.
25. The only countries in Europe that never have tornadoes are Spain, Portugal and Andorra.
26. The most powerful tornadoes are most often composite - comprising several secondary tornadoes orbiting around the main tornado.
27. Severe fires can cause such a terrifying phenomenon as a fire tornado. The temperature at its center reaches 1,000 degrees, and it cannot be extinguished until everything that can burn within its range is burned out.