30 Interesting facts about geography

Posted on Apr 3, 2022      180


Interesting facts about geography are a great way to learn more about the natural sciences. Geography is engaged in the study of the functioning and transformation of the shell of the Earth. Through the study of this science, a person can learn about different discoveries, the location of countries on the map, as well as many other insights.

So, before you the most interesting facts about geography.

30 interesting facts about geography

1. In translation from the ancient Greek word “geography” means - “land description”.

2. The Amazon forests play an important role in oxygen enrichment of our planet. They produce 20% of the world’s oxygen.

3. Istanbul is the only city on the planet that is geographically in 2 parts of the world simultaneously, Asia and Europe.

4. Did you know Antarctica is the only territory in the world that does not belong to any state?

5. Damascus, the capital of Syria, is considered being the oldest city on earth. The first mentions of it appear in documents dating back to 2500 BC.

6. Rome is the first city of millions in the history of mankind.

7. The smallest island in the world, with the status of a state, is Pitcairn (Polynesia). Its area is only 4.5 square kilometers.

8. The deepest man-made hole in the ground is the Kola borehole - 12,262 m.

9. An interesting fact is that Russian Siberia contains 25% of the world’s forests.

10. The Vatican, as a dwarf enclave state, is considered the smallest state in the world. Its territory is only 0.44 km².

11. Curiously enough, in terms of geography, 90% of the world’s population lives in the Northern Hemisphere.

12. Shanghai has the largest number of people than any other city on the planet - 23.3 million inhabitants.

13. Canada (see interesting facts about Canada) is home to over 50% of all natural lakes on earth.

14. Canada is also the world leader in coastline length - over 244,000 km.

15. The area of the Russian Federation (17.1 million km²) is only slightly smaller than that of Pluto (17.7 million km²).

16. The Dead Sea is now 430 meters below sea level, dropping about another 1 meter each year.

17. The largest country in terms of territory on the planet is Russia. There are 11 time zones.

18. An interesting fact is that geographically, Africa is at the intersection of all 4 hemispheres.

19. The Pacific Ocean is the largest body of water in terms of both area and volume.

20. The largest lake, Lake Baikal, holds 20% of the fresh water in its liquid state. Few people are aware of the fact that over 300 rivers flow into it and only one river, the Angara, flows out.

21. The highest birth rate is in Africa, as well as the highest mortality rate.

22. According to statistics, the longest life expectancy is in Andorra, Japan and Singapore: 84 years.

23. Burkina Faso is considered the most illiterate state. Here, less than 20% of citizens can read.

24. Almost all rivers flow toward the Equator. The Nile is the only river that flows in the opposite direction.

25. Today, the longest river is the Amazon, not the famous Nile.

26. The White Sea is the coldest body of water, with a water temperature of -2 ° C.

27. In the Victoria Land (Antarctica) the strongest winds blow, the speed of which can reach the fantastic 200 km/hour.

28. Among all African countries, only Ethiopia has never been under anyone’s domination.

29. Canada is considered the world leader in the number of rivers. There are about 4 million of them.

30. At the North Pole, you won’t see land anywhere. It is based on 12 million km² of floating ice.