Facts about Leonardo da Vinci's


Posted on Nov 11, 2021      20


 

Among the galaxy of other great and brilliant scientists shines brightly the star of Leonardo da Vinci, a man centuries ahead of his time. Half a thousand years ago, he was inventing devices that were rethought by his followers only in the 19th and 20th centuries, a testament to the limitlessness of his imagination. However, Leonardo da Vinci succeeded in many endeavors, being not only an inventor but also a brilliant architect, painter, sculptor, musician and writer.

Facts from the biography of Leonardo da Vinci

  • The eminent scientist’s father was a young notary, and his mother was a simple peasant woman.
  • The surname “da Vinci” means simply “from Vinci”, from the town that bore that name.
  • Leonardo da Vinci’s parents never married, but when he was only 3 years old, his father took him to bring up his mother, whom Leonardo never saw again.
  • It was Leonardo da Vinci who created the most famous and expensive painting in the world, known as the Mona Lisa, or Gioconda.
  • The scholar played the lyre, a very difficult musical instrument to master.
  • Leonardo da Vinci invented the first apparatus in the history of humanity for diving and breathing under water, i.e. prototypes of modern bathyscaphes and spacesuits.
  • Among his other inventions that remained on paper were the submarine and the helicopter. Modern scientists have studied Leonardo’s drawings and declared that the design is fully operational.
  • Leonardo da Vinci was an ambidextrous man, equally adept at both right and left hands.
  • In 1483, Da Vinci received his first commission in Milan to paint an altar from the Franciscan brotherhood of the Immaculate Conception. Three years later, the work was finished, and then another 25 years of a trial over the payment of the work. In the end, he received his payment, a quarter of a century later.
  • In order to correctly portray the man in the paintings, Leonardo was engaged in anatomy - the structure of the human body. To do this, he dissected the bodies of dead people and made sketches of them. His anatomical drawings remained unknown for a long time. They were first published in the 19th century and contributed to the development of anatomy.

  • It was Leonardo da Vinci who first understood why the sky appeared blue, stating that it was the color of the “illuminated layer of particles” between the Earth and the “celestial blackness”.
  • Da Vinci was also fond of engineering and was involved in the construction of canals.
  • As an excellent geologist, he concluded that the age of the Earth is much older than the Bible allowed. Leonardo da Vinci was later named after the principle that allowed the age of the various layers of the Earth’s crust to be determined.
  • Leonardo da Vinci did not sign his paintings, but he always left short identifying marks. There were many such symbols, and not all of them are known even now.
  • Billionaire Bill Gates bought the Codex Leicester, a collection of Leonardo da Vinci’s works, for $30 million in 1994. It has been on display at the Seattle Museum of Art since 2003.
  • Observations of the moon in its crescent phase led Leonardo da Vinci to one of his important scientific discoveries - he established that sunlight is reflected from the Earth and returns to the moon as a secondary illumination.
  • The scientist wrote his notes in the mirror way, so it is impossible to read them without a mirror.
  • In December 2000, British parachutist Adrian Nicholas descended from a height of 3 kilometers from a balloon on a parachute made after the sketch of Leonardo da Vinci.
  • Da Vinci had the longest list of synonyms for the male penis in history.
  • He was never married, and he carefully hid his personal life from the public.
  • The term “golden ratio” was coined by Leonardo da Vinci. He also called it “divine proportion”.
  • For 13 years, Leonardo da Vinci held an honorary position as the manager of the court feasts in Milan.

  • It is well established that Leonardo da Vinci suffered from dyslexia, a violation of the ability to read. This feature is caused by the reduced activity of a certain area of the brain.
  • Some people think that Da Vinci was a vegetarian, but there is no definite proof of that.
  • Leonardo da Vinci apparently left no self-portrait, which could be unequivocally attributed to him. Scholars have questioned whether Leonardo’s famous sanguine self-portrait depicting him in his old age is such. But some believe that the famous Mona Lisa is like a self-portrait of a “female version” of the great painter.
  • At 24, Leonardo da Vinci was involved in a lawsuit for homosexuality, which was considered a crime in Italy but was acquitted and found not guilty.
  • Two years before his death, da Vinci lost his right arm and could not move around without help.
  • The robot created by NASA for work in outer space is based on the drawings of a robot created by Leonardo da Vinci.
  • One day, the eminent scientist disappeared from public life for three whole years. To this day, no one knows where he was during that time or what he was doing.
  • Leonardo da Vinci had no education, he never studied drawing or sculpture, and he never studied the sciences, but everything he had achieved, he had achieved on his own.
  • Da Vinci was already in his teens when he became court counselor to the French king Francis I, who granted him an annual pension and an estate with vineyards. The scholar later noted in his notes that those years were the happiest of his life.
  • The cause of Leonardo da Vinci’s death is unknown, but it is believed that he died because of a stroke.
  • Da Vinci’s first tomb was destroyed during the war between Catholics and Protestants. The remains of various people were mixed up and buried in the garden. Later, archaeologist Arsène Husset identified Leonardo da Vinci’s skeleton from the description, and moved it to a restored tomb on the grounds of the Château d’Amboise.

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