Posted on Sep 20, 2022 72
In this article, we will detail how to properly brush your teeth, as well as other important factors to consider for oral health.
Brushing your teeth regularly is necessary to prevent several serious diseases affecting your mouth and the gastrointestinal tract. Any problems in the mouth, progressing, inevitably lead to poor chewing, which is fraught with the development of serious gastrointestinal malfunction because of entering it badly processed food. And this is just a small part of the potential health problems that arise from poor care of the teeth and underlying areas.If long do not brush your teeth, they form soft plaque, which causes the development of tooth decay, bad breath, gum problems and many other unpleasant aspects.Regular proper brushing will help maintain the health of the entire mouth and destroy many bacteria that form on the teeth, gums, the inside of the cheeks and tongue, thus protecting the person from many diseases that occur in the mouth.
This is definitely one of the most important points. What you need to pay attention to:
Toothbrushes are divided into three hardness levels:
Soft. Suitable for children and people who are prone to gum bleeding;
Medium hardness. Features the best combination of delicacy to tooth enamel and mucous membranes with a high quality of cleaning. Medium stiff bristles are universal and therefore suitable not only for people with natural teeth but also for patients who have undergone prosthetics;
Stiff. The sign for the use of this type of brushes can be an increased formation of plaque and hard dental deposits. Use of brushes with hard bristles is possible only on the doctor’s recommendation.
The most popular bristles are made of synthetic materials. Such bristles are more resistant to wear, have good elasticity and are gentle on the surfaces to be treated. In addition, synthetic bristles are easier to handle, avoiding the buildup of harmful bacteria on the surface.
When choosing an electric toothbrush, look at:
The major difference between an electric toothbrush and a conventional one is the above improving functions and ease of use, which implies minimizing the effort spent by a person in brushing.
There are two types of toothpaste used at home:
Pastes with an anti-caries effect. They are not therapeutic, but thanks to the included fluoride and calcium, provides prevention of cavities in enamel by strengthening it. Pastes with antiparodontit effect. They contain herbal remedies that help reduce bleeding gums and stave off inflammation. Toothpastes of this type contain abrasive particles (often their role is performed by baking soda) and hydrogen peroxide to brighten tooth enamel on a couple of tones. Total whitening effect such pastes cannot give, but can brighten and cleanse the tooth enamel on 1-1.5 tones.
Most people squeeze too much toothpaste out of a tube because it is shown in commercials. However, this only results in consumers simply spending more on further toothpaste purchases, but has no effect on the quality of brushing. Toothpaste is primarily needed to clean tooth enamel and the entire mouth from food debris and bacteria. It also helps to make the brush softer and soften accumulated plaque. Too much toothpaste degrades the quality of your brush and cleaning. How much toothpaste do I need to use to properly brush my teeth? A common response from dentists is “the size of a pea”. This amount of toothpaste is just enough to clean your teeth. Dentists recommend brushing your teeth (with dental floss), tongue and gums with toothpaste and brushes twice a day - in the morning after meals and in the evening before bedtime. The optimal time during which you can qualitatively clean your teeth is considered an interval of 2 to 3 minutes. In addition, it is not superfluous will be at least minimal treatment of the mouth after each meal. For such occasional cleaning, it is advisable to use dental floss, specialized chewing gum (if there are no contraindications) and rinses with both normal water and special solutions, which can be purchased at the drugstore. Doctors recommend rinsing your mouth for at least 30 seconds.
Answering the question “how to brush teeth correctly”, the right brushing means not only the removal of dental plaque and food debris not only from the teeth but also from the cheeks and tongue. However, the most important, of course, is brushing the teeth themselves. Everything is important: what brush and toothpaste we choose, and how we perform the cleaning movements, what cleaning technique we choose. Only when these factors are combined is it possible to achieve a clean and healthy mouth. When brushing the teeth the movements performed by the brush should be vertical - as if bacteria is being flushed out - from the beginning of the gum to the top of the tooth. This guide will help you learn how to brush your teeth and tongue with a toothbrush step by step:
Before each use, rinse your toothbrush thoroughly under running water. Antiseptic solutions may also be used.
The amount of toothpaste should be a pea-sized amount. Too much paste creates a lot of foam, which can interfere with cleaning. 3.
To properly and efficiently clean one half of each jaw, take at least 30 seconds (at least 2 minutes per oral cavity).
The angle of the toothbrush to the teeth during brushing should be 45 degrees for optimal effect.
It is customary to brush from the upper jaw row from the back teeth to the front teeth.
Smoothly perform sweeping movements in a vertical plane. There are three to four brush strokes per tooth.
Brushing is done on the horizontal plane. The brushing surface of the brush completely covers the area of the tooth. The brush may move back and forth in a circular or reciprocating motion.
The tongue cleaner uses the outside of the toothbrush with indented curves or a tongue scraper. The cleaning is done with a smooth sweeping motion in the direction from the root of the tongue to the tip.
Gums are cleaned in a circular motion, covering the surface of the teeth and gums with the jaws closed. The movements should be smooth so as not to harm or injure the gums.
Floss is used for this purpose. About 30 cm. of floss is taken from a common skein, which is led into the space between the teeth. The cleaning is done with a smooth back-and-forth motion. Excessive pressure and sudden jerks are not allowed because of the risk of breaking the floss and injuring the gums.
The last step in brushing properly is rinsing for about 30 seconds. For this purpose, it is possible to use both normal water and specialized solutions (as prescribed by the doctor) with antiseptic (antibacterial) and refreshing effect.
Additional methods of brushing the mouth can include the use of irrigators. These devices can not act as an independent device for brushing teeth, but only as an auxiliary device besides flossing.
Brushing teeth while wearing braces differs in the number of products and in the procedure's complexity. You will need to use the following aids:
In one session, a person with braces will take about 8-9 minutes to properly and properly brush their teeth.
While wearing braces, food debris, germs and bacteria accumulate in many hard-to-reach areas: under the arch, around the braces, at the junction, etc. If these areas are not properly cleaned, plaque will accumulate and eventually tartar will appear, resulting in cavities and gum disease. Therefore, the brushing procedure with braces requires more attention, time, and tools.
Teeth should be brushed twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. According to the accepted standards, the procedure should take about 2 minutes, but dentists recommend brushing your teeth for about 3 minutes (considering additional brushing with dental floss, irrigators and rinses). Rising takes 20-25 seconds. It is also ideal to chew gum for about 4-5 minutes after each meal to clean the mouth. At least once a year, undergo a comprehensive oral hygiene procedure, which includes professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar.
According to dentists, proper brushing should last at least two (2) minutes, with approximately equal time (30-35 seconds) given to each quarter of the mouth. If you brush your teeth with a regular toothbrush, you can simply record the time on your phone. Brushing with an electric toothbrush is much easier: Almost all brushes have a built-in mechanism that vibrates every 30 seconds, so it’s very convenient to spend an equal amount of time brushing every fourth of your mouth. After brushing your teeth once a day, you can also use a soothing mouthwash. Brushing properly twice a day for 2 minutes removes up to 99% of bacteria, food particles, plaque and other oral and dental impurities. However, most people do not brush their teeth at all and sometimes they brush only once a day, which can lead to various diseases of the teeth, gums and mouth. Do not neglect the morning or evening session, as or overnight accumulated bacteria and other harmful substances will rapidly develop, and a single dental cleaning for the day cannot remove enough of them. Answering the question: how long should you brush your teeth, follow some simple rules: cleaning should be done twice a day for about 2 minutes, with a single session time should be distributed between all the quarters of the mouth, on average, 30 seconds.
There are no strict recommendations and rules on tongue cleaning, but cleansing the tongue is quite an important aspect, because it contains a huge number of bacteria, and they can cause bad breath, as well as several diseases of the oral cavity. Regular tongue brushing allows you to increase the sensitivity of your taste buds. Tongue brushing is done with the back of a toothbrush, special scrapers or an irrigator. It is important to choose the right head for the irrigator to make brushing productive and pleasurable.
Even with regular brushing, it’s not always possible to get a really excellent result. That’s why there is such a device as dental floss for a full-fledged cleaning of the mouth. With its help, it is possible to clean every tooth from all sides, and clean the interdental spaces from food deposits. Flossing is handy enough to take on the road when you don’t have a toothbrush handy.
Brushing your teeth in the morning is a very important procedure. However, it’s worth figuring out when it’s really worth it: before or after breakfast. Each option has its own advantages:
It is better to consult and get a recommendation from a dentist on this issue.
The bristles of the toothbrush are placed at a 90-degree angle to the vestibular surface of the teeth. The teeth are clamped together in a circular motion, brushing the surfaces of the teeth in a spiral, circular motion of the brush. The advantage of this method is that the gums are massaged while brushing.
In this method, the brush is placed perpendicular to the tooth surface. The movements are made vertically from the gum to the dental crown. The brush is perpendicular to the tooth surface. The chewing surfaces are cleaned in a back-and-forth motion. The technique helps prevent injury to the gums.
The brush is placed at a 45-degree angle to the dental axis. The surface of the tooth is cleaned on all sides by vibrating back-and-forth movements. This method is excellent for cleaning the cervical area of molars.
Using baking soda has long been a popular means of whitening teeth at home because of its properties. Undoubtedly, the whitening effect when brushing teeth with baking soda is observed, but this is because the baking soda destroys the top layer of enamel.Many people believe that brushing teeth with baking soda can clean the enamel well from plaque and even destroy tartar, but here there are a couple of nuances:
Almost all dentists are against the use of baking soda because of its enamel destructive properties.
Carious tooth damage is caused by bacteria accumulating in areas that have not been properly cleaned from food debris. Once in a favorable environment, the bacteria actively reproduce and destroy tooth enamel. The development of further stages of the disease and the depth of the lesion are directly related to the timeliness of visits to the dentist.
Tooth plaque that is not removed in a timely manner can harden over time and form tartar. Not only does tartar cause an unpleasant and difficult-to-remove odor, but it can also cause gum inflammation and loose toothpieces. It is most often deposited in hard-to-reach areas, such as the space between the teeth and the inside of the teeth.
Gum disease can be traced to improper brushing. An inadequate toothbrush, harsh brushing and poor-quality toothpaste can cause damage to your gums, cheeks and tongue.
Other Dental Problems
Typically, untreated decay leads to serious consequences, manifested by the development of several diseases that can lead to loss of dental units and intoxication of the body.
Dental health care is a complicated process. However, with a few simple tips and tricks and a small amount of time, you can ensure the health of your teeth:
If you follow all the rules and techniques for proper dental cleaning described above, you will not only keep your teeth aesthetically appealing but also keep your mouth healthy. It is best to consult a dentist who will help you choose the right oral care products for your individual needs.