Posted on Nov 7, 2022 112
For many people, immunity is one of the most exciting and important topics. It is the engine of health and well-being, so it is important that it works without failures and gives no reason to worry.
In today’s article, we will tell you what immunity is, whether we need immunostimulants, how to increase it, and a lot of other interesting information about the body’s ability to protect itself.
Immunity refers to the body’s complex defenses, which fight pathogens that can destructively affect its cells and tissues. It also disarms its own cells that have succumbed to mutational changes.
When the immune system encounters pathogens, it forms an army of antibodies, the characteristics of which depend on the type of pathogen.
Because of this process, it makes no sense to take prophylactic drugs against viruses. First, drugs are designed for a specific group of pathogens, and it is impossible to know in advance which of the hundreds of viruses the body will encounter. Second, the immune system can destroy the virus. The main thing is not to interfere with it, and if necessary, to help it.
Congenital immunity. A person is born with immunity, designed for cave conditions (except for rare cases of congenital immunodeficiency). It is designed for the person to live in a natural environment and eat non-sterile food.
Initially, the immune system does not know what bactericidal soaps, antiseptics, and similar products are. However, it knows how to remember; and if you accustom the body to live in excessive cleanliness, the immune system is likely to either “relax” and be incapacitated, or fight everything it takes as a threat. The second option leads to allergic reactions. Dust, hair, and pollen will be attacked by the immune system. The body will get rid of them with sneezes, tears from the eyes, or leaky noses.
Acquired immunity. This is formed after vaccinations and diseases. For some diseases, a person gets sick only once (chickenpox, rubella) and the antibodies last a lifetime, and some - repeatedly.
- Ensure genetic preservation of one’s species throughout its life cycle.
- Maintain balance in the homeostasis system (the environment in which biological processes take place).
- Distinguish one’s own cells from foreign cells.
- Respond to threats in a timely fashion.
There are medical indications when too active immunity needs to be suppressed. Corticosteroid hormones are used for this purpose. Such cases include donor organ rejection, autoimmune diseases, and pregnancy immune cell attacks in women.
Strengthening the immune system with medication is almost impossible. However, many manufacturers of magic immunity improvement pills will never write about this.
Most often, immunity problems arise from a particular cause and once it is eliminated, it is restored.
You can check the condition of the immune system by taking even an ordinary blood test, let alone a detailed one. In addition, you can use the test to determine whether the immune system is dealing with bacteria or viruses.
It is believed that about 6 times a year to get sick with different viral infections for a short time and without complications is not a sign of poor health. It is normal.
The following signals are alarming:
- Acute respiratory infections last a long time (over 7 days) and turn into complications (sore throat, bronchitis, otitis media, pneumonia, etc.).
- Cuts, scratches, and abrasions become pustules.
- Feelings of malaise.
- Increased fatigue.
- Skin is prone to rashes.
- Vulnerability to fungal infections of internal organs.
- Autoimmune diseases (diseases that are triggered by our own immunity. White blood cells perceive a certain type of cells in our body as foreign and dangerous. For this reason, autoimmune diseases are complex, or systemic).
- Allergic reactions.
- Expressed inflammatory processes after contact with the body with the pathogen.
- Failure of pregnancy in women at up to 12 weeks.
Along with the negative factors of overactive immunity, there are also positive aspects. Such people may not transmit stomatitis and similar unpleasant sores. They get sick less often than others, and during seasonal epidemics often get off with a mild scare. If acute respiratory viral infections occur, they usually pass in 3 to 4 days.
If excessive immune cell activity has been detected in the blood, only a doctor can prescribe medications that can bring the readings back to normal. They should be taken strictly according to the prescribed regimen, so as not to harm the body.
There are several proven ways to strengthen the immune system:
1. The environment doesn’t have to be sterile, but it doesn’t have to be dirty either. You need a happy medium.
2. Get pets that are outdoors.
3. Keep the air in the house cool and humid.
4. Drink plenty of fluids and increase the amount you drink during illness. According to WHO standards, a person needs 30 ml of water per 1 kg of weight daily.
5. Ventilate the room regularly.
6. During illness, eat only as desired, not as scheduled.
7. Create temperature contrasts. A contrast shower or ice cream improves circulation, strengthens blood vessels, eliminates inflammation, and strengthens the body’s defenses.
8. Engage in regular physical activity (gym, jogging, gymnastics, swimming), and at least take regular walks.
9. Include healthy foods in your diet: cereals, vegetables, fruits, berries, herbs, nuts, honey, saltwater fish, and vegetable oils. And don’t abuse fast food.
Everyone can do all these things, and the positive result will not make you wait long. Find time to adjust your lifestyle and don’t forget to walk more often, but only past the pharmacy.