Posted on Apr 25, 2022 125
If we asked a robot to describe the weather outside, it would answer something like this: “The temperature is 5 degrees below zero, it is snowing, and there is no wind”.
Here’s how a human would describe the weather: “Yay! It’s winter! It’s been snowing all day, just glorious weather for sledding and playing snowballs!”
What do you think is the difference between these two statements? The major difference between humans and robots is that humans can experience feelings and emotions.
This is what we will talk about.
Human psychology is a very complex science. After all, it studies the soul, and this is probably the most unexplored area of our existence.
It should be said at once that experts distinguish between the concepts of “emotion”, “feeling”, “affect”, “mood” and “experience”.
Unlike feelings, emotions have no attachment to a specific object: they do not arise in relation to anyone or anything, but in relation to the situation.
“I’m afraid” is an emotion, and “I’m afraid of this person” is a feeling.
And another thing: did you know that only 1% of people can completely hide their emotions? The rest simply cannot hide the slightest changes in facial expression that give away our inner feelings.
So this topic can be not only interesting but also useful for the reader.
Emotion (from Lat. emoveo - shock, excitement) - a mental process of medium duration, reflecting the subjective evaluative attitude to existing or situations and the aim world.
Emotion, like many other mental phenomena, is poorly studied and understood by different authors in different ways, so the above definition can not be considered either accurate or accepted.
Emotions are feelings, psychological reactions to everything that happens to us. They express our relationship to other people, ourselves, and the world.
When our senses “tell” our brain what is going on around us, it compares the information it receives with its “database”.
In this context, you may be interested in a mental phenomenon called cognitive dissonance.
What is good for us usually evokes positive emotions; what is dangerous evokes negative emotions.
Emotions can change the state of the body. For example, when we see something frightening, our heart rate and breathing increase, our brain gets more oxygen and nutrients, and our pupils dilate.
All this is necessary in order to run away or, conversely, to fight the enemy: to protect ourselves from danger.
Emotions prompt us to act or force us not to repeat “harmful” actions. For example, if we are interested in something, we will certainly study the object or phenomenon that aroused our interest.
And if we are ashamed of an action, we will try to behave differently in the future. The emotion recognition center is “turned on” at a very early age: an infant can distinguish a mother’s smile and smile back.
How are emotions different from feelings and moods?
An emotion vanishes as soon as the circumstances that caused it to disappear.
A mood is a prolonged state of general emotional background. If it is gloomy, everything around seems gloomy, as if you are looking at the world around you through dark glasses.
And when the mood is good, little things seem insignificant. People who see only positive things are said to look at the world through rose-colored glasses.
It is believed that there are only ten basic emotions:
We recommend reading about what complex emotions are called with one word. Very entertaining!
Animals experience emotions as well. Looking at a dog or a cat, we can immediately understand what mood it is in.
Pets also “read” our facial expressions, body positions, and assess movements. If the owner is annoyed, his dog will feel it instantly.
Interesting facts about dogs and cats - very exciting information!
Feeling is a stable emotional attitude towards other people and phenomena. Emotions usually pass by our consciousness, but feelings we can grow, like flowers.
We can cultivate feelings of beauty - the ability to enjoy beauty, love, a sense of responsibility; or we can cultivate negative feelings - hatred, envy, jealousy or resentment.
This point is very important, because any person handles the feelings that he cultivates in himself.
Engravings of feelings and emotions prepared for the Encyclopedia Londinensis. 1821.
It is important to remember that negative, negative feelings and emotions not only hinder communication with other people (few people would want to be friends with a spiteful person or a whiner), but also weaken the body.
Folk wisdom says that all diseases come from nerves.
A positive attitude to life helps to cope with any problem.
Scientists say that a bad mood can be overcome with the help of bananas or chocolate, because when they are consumed, endorphins - hormones of joy - start flowing into the blood.