Interesting Facts about Africa

Posted on May 5, 2022      22

Until now, unexplored Africa, according to most researchers, is the birthplace of humanity. In our time, however, this beautiful place, with its unique nature, suffers from poverty and civil wars that tear apart the African states. Only the most intrepid travelers make it here, but the reward is worth it. What Africa offers cannot be seen anywhere else.

Facts about Africa

  • Africa is home to nearly a billion people, but this is only a rough estimate since it is impossible to accurately calculate the number of the African population.
  • The study of the African continent and everything associated with it, is engaged in a special science Afrikanistics.
  • The Gulf of Guinea, in western Africa, is now the country with the most pirates. They used to be especially many on the east coast, near the coast of Somalia.
  • There are many religions in Africa, but Islam and Christianity are predominant. Many people still adhere to various traditional cults.
  • Dozens of different nationalities live in most African countries and they all use their own languages. Few people actually speak the official languages, which are often considered French and English.
  • There are 60 states in Africa, including five that are unrecognized or only partially recognized.
  • The most famous ruler in Africa was the famous Egyptian Queen Cleopatra. Now only the pyramids and the Sphinx remind us of her Egyptian heritage.
  • Africa is the only continent stretching from the northern to the southern subtropics.

  • In the continent's south, in South Africa, it can be quite cold in winter, although it still doesn’t snow anywhere except on the mountain systems.
  • Our distant primitive ancestors, The Cro-Magnons, came precisely from Africa. When they encountered Neanderthals in Europe, they partially exterminated and partially assimilated them.
  • After the withdrawal of the European colonizers from Africa, several local countries were dominated by a government that discriminated against the white population.
  • A large part of Africa, about 30%, is occupied by the largest of the scorching deserts, the Sahara. It grows annually, moving 5-10 kilometers southward, and its nascent sandstorms hit even remote countries like Cape Verde.
  • Zimbabwe was once the richest and most developed African colony, but after independence, the country quickly became one of the poorest. The record Zimbabwean inflation rate of hundreds of millions of percent per year has gone down in history.
  • Of all the countries in Africa, only Ethiopia and Liberia were never colonized by Europeans, maintaining their independence.
  • By the way, the ancestors of the famous Pushkin were from Ethiopia, so they also consider him “their” poet and are very proud of him.
  • Africa includes not only the continental states but also island countries, such as Madagascar, Mauritius and Cape Verde.
  • The Nile River runs through Africa, the largest river in the continent and the second longest in the world. In this parameter, the Nile is second only to the Amazon.
  • By the time Europeans arrived in Africa, there were about 10 thousand small state formations.
  • The most popular languages on the African mainland are Arabic and Swahili. English, French, and Afrikaans are also spoken.
  • Since many tribes in Africa prefer their own languages, there are about 2000 of them.
  • In remote areas of Africa, there are still primitive tribes who have no contact with civilization. They lead the same way of life as their ancestors did thousands of years ago.
  • According to various estimates, between a quarter and a third of Africa’s population is illiterate.

  • African countries account for less than 2.5% of the total world GDP.
  • Of all the continents of the world, Africa remains the poorest and least developed.
  • In terms of the number of victims (over 5.4 million, according to official statistics), the Second Congo War is second only to World War II.
  • In many African countries, armed conflicts have not ceased for decades.
  • Africa’s Congo River is the deepest in the world. In some places, its depth reaches 230 meters, and it is the second in fullness only to the Amazon.
  • The smallest people in the world, the Pygmies, live in Africa. The average height of pygmies is about 135 cm.
  • The East African Rift Valley is the largest rift in the Earth’s crust.
  • It is in Africa, on the territory of Libya, where the highest temperature on the planet was recorded in the history of observations - over 58 degrees.
  • The Strait of Mozambique off the African coast with a length of 1760 km is the longest in the world.
  • In the African country of Togo, according to local traditions, a man who pays a personal compliment to an unmarried woman must take her as his wife.
  • Africa has the lowest average life expectancy in the world. This is caused by poverty, lack of water, lack of medicine and starvation in some countries.
  • One of the main African natural attractions is Victoria Falls. It is the only one in the world, which is over 1 km wide and the height of the falling water is over 100 meters.
  • There are about 1 million ethnic Chinese living in Africa.
  • 9 out of 10 of all malaria cases in the world occur in Africa.
  • More than half of the African population is under 25 years old.
  • The Republic of South Africa once performed the world’s first successful human heart transplant.
  • About 30% of the planet’s mineral wealth hides in the depths of Africa.
  • Deserts and semi-deserts cover almost 2/3 of Africa.
  • The largest African country is Algeria, and the smallest is the Seychelles. Algeria is about 5500 times larger in area than the Seychelles.
  • The most visited country by foreigners in Africa is Egypt. Every year, it is visited by over 10 million tourists.
  • African Lake Victoria is not only the largest lake in Africa, but also the second largest among the freshwater lakes of the world.
  • At the beginning of the 21st century, all countries in Africa except Morocco joined the African Union. In 2017, Morocco still joined it.