Interesting Facts about Ancient Egypt

Posted on Mar 9, 2022      356

The mighty civilization of Ancient Egypt for several millennia was one of the most developed regions of the world, and when ancient barbarians in Europe were still living in isolated villages, on the banks of the Nile prospered a vast kingdom. There is enough information about the ancient Egyptians to make us appreciate all the virtues of this country, which fell into oblivion long ago.

Facts about Ancient Egypt

  • Ancient Egyptian rulers often had siblings married. This provided the other half with sufficient education and knowledge of court life, and reduced the number of pretenders to the throne.
  • The ancient Egyptian civilization lasted about 4,000 years, which is longer than most other civilizations.
  • The ancient Egyptian kingdom fell in the 7th century when it was conquered by the Arabs.
  • The struggle between the rulers of ancient Egypt and the Hittite civilization for possession of the lands of modern Syria lasted almost two centuries, but in fact ended in a draw.
  • Although in Ancient Egypt, women usually ran the household, they had the same legal and financial rights as men.
  • It was in ancient Egypt that the famous Library of Alexandria was located, where many ancient inventors and philosophers studied. One of its students was Archimedes.
  • The famous ancient Egyptian queen Cleopatra was of Greek descent from Macedonia.
  • In ancient Egypt were popular board games, particularly the game of Senet, which was reminiscent of the later invented chess.
  • Whereas in Mediterranean civilizations healers had no specialization, ancient Egyptian physicians were clearly divided into separate professions.
  • Since Egypt was in the arid part of Africa, life in the country directly depended on the Nile floods. The ancient Egyptians even invented a system of irrigation canals to irrigate the arable land.
  • In ancient Egypt, there were marriage contracts that specified how the property of the spouses would be divided into the breakup's event of the marriage.
  • Paper was invented a long time ago, but it happened in ancient China, so the Egyptians used papyrus, which was made from the reeds that grew in abundance in the Nile Delta.
  • Wine and beer were invented in ancient Egypt. Bread was also produced.

  • Judging by the surviving historical evidence, the famous ancient Egyptian pyramids were not built by slaves, but by hired laborers, very skilled in construction.
  • Ancient Egyptians had popular pets, and cats were revered as sacred animals for many centuries.
  • The militia units that kept order in the streets of the cities of ancient Egypt used monkeys and dogs as patrol animals.
  • The makeup of the ancient Egyptians was extremely popular, and it was used not only by women but also by men.
  • Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Pepi II could not stand flies, so he always had a few slaves smeared with honey on duty, who diverted these insects on themselves.
  • In ancient Egypt, it was believed that no one should see the hair of the pharaoh, so the rulers always wore a crown with a special cape.
  • Although antibiotics did not become widespread until the 20th century, the ancient Egyptians knew even about 4,000 years ago that certain types of mold helped against infectious diseases.
  • Ancient Egyptian men wore skirts and women wore dresses. And children until their teens usually did without clothes at all.
  • In ancient Egypt, children’s heads were shaved, leaving only a small braid to prevent lice from catching in their hair.
  • The first ancient Egyptian step pyramid was built about 4,600 years ago.
  • The art of mummification of the dead developed in ancient Egypt over 5,000 years ago.
  • The famous pharaoh Tutankhamun died at 18.
  • The genealogy in ancient Egypt was on the mother’s side, not the father’s.
  • It was not customary for ancient Egyptians to enter a house, even their own, with shoes on. Shoes were left at the threshold.
  • To deliver letters in Ancient Egypt were widely used carrier pigeons.
  • Ancient Egyptians made cosmetics mainly from copper and lead. They simply did not know about the harmful effects of lead on the skin. In ancient Rome, for example, lead was used to make water pipes for the same reason.
  • It was not customary to celebrate birthdays in ancient Egypt.

  • Many pharaohs wore false golden beards, imitating the god Osiris, who was usually depicted bearded.
  • Apparently, the ancient Egyptians were well versed in astronomy. Thus, the famous pyramids of Giza are located so that they coincide with the belt of Orion, as seen from the surface of the Earth.
  • To build the Great Pyramid of Giza, the most famous of the pyramids of ancient Egypt, it took about 2.5 million limestone blocks with an average weight of over 25 tons each.
  • Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II lived 90 years and left behind more than a hundred children.
  • Applying makeup to the face in ancient Egypt was not used primarily for decoration, but to protect the skin from the scorching sun.
  • The prototypes of modern flappers were made by the Egyptians from the tails of giraffes.
  • There are about 700 characters in the ancient Egyptian alphabet. The Chinese traditional alphabet, by comparison, has many thousands of them.
  • Concrete was invented in ancient Egypt. To make it, sand and stone chips were mixed with river silt.
  • The Egyptian pyramids are the only wonders of the world that have survived to this day.
  • Ancient Egypt was ruled for the longest time by Pharaoh Pepi II, whose reign lasted 88 years. He became pharaoh at 6 and died at 94.
  • The word “pharaoh” translates from Ancient Egyptian as “great house”, and it meant first the palace of the ruler and then the ruler himself.
  • The tombs in the pyramids were always equipped with many clever traps designed to protect them from looting.
  • The study of the history and culture of ancient Egypt is engaged in a special science - Egyptology.
  • Ancient Egyptians filled pillows with stones, not feathers or down.