Posted on Oct 14, 2021 12
Rice literally feeds millions and even billions of people. As one of the most common crops in the world, it dominates the national cuisine of hundreds of nations and the variety of dishes and drinks made from it is amazing. Although rice is very demanding to conditions of growing, in some parts of the world it is still grown in artisanal methods, picking it by hand.
- Freezing temperatures can kill this plant almost instantly, and the entire crop will be lost.
- The minimum temperature needed for rice seeds to germinate is 10 degrees Celsius.
- This plant loves moisture and cannot grow without it. Rice stems grow directly from water.
- The shoots of this plant can reach one and a half meters in height.
- About 70% of the weight of rice seeds is carbohydrates. They contain little protein, so a diet of rice will do you no good.
- Besides baked goods, drinks and countless dishes, rice is also used to make sweets.
- Cosmetic powder is often made from rice.
- Air rice resembles popcorn in texture and is made similarly.
- The straw that remains after the harvest is used as a raw material for making paper and cardboard.
- People first cultivated rice about 9,000 years ago.
- In some Muslim countries, we still use the ancient measure of the weight of an arruz, which is equal to the weight of one grain of rice.
- More than half of the world’s population feeds mostly on rice, making it the most important crop on the planet.
- The maturity level of this plant is easy to determine. When ripe, the stem turns yellow and the seeds are milky white, or brown, red or black, depending on the variety.
- It is estimated that over 1 billion people on Earth are involved in rice cultivation.
- In some mountainous countries, for example Bhutan, only red rice is grown, because only this rice can grow at an altitude of several kilometers above sea level.
- The tradition of sprinkling newlyweds with rice grains originated in Asian countries, where the abundance of rice is one sign of wealth.
- In Japanese, the word “rice” and the verb “to eat” are designated by the same characters.
- There are only 82 kcal in 100 grams of rice, which makes it a dietary product.
- It is recommended that rice be soaked overnight in water before cooking, because this plant absorbs a lot of harmful substances from the soil and atmosphere when it grows.
- In some Asian countries, this plant is used to make beverages such as wine and beer.
- In Chinese, the characters for meals, such as lunch or dinner, are inextricably linked to rice. What to us is “breakfast” is to the Chinese “rice in the morning” and our “dinner” is for them “rice in the evening”.
- Rice fields are drained only for the time of harvest, after which they are flooded again. Besides ensuring proper moisture levels, this measure helps, in part, to control weeds.
- Rice kernels are used to make what is known as edible rice paper, which is used in confectionery.
- Rice first came to Europe after the eastern campaigns of Alexander the Great.