Interesting facts about Alexander the Great

Posted on Mar 11, 2022      232

One of the most famous rulers and commanders in world history, Alexander the Great, created a truly vast empire that stretched over half of the known world. However, Alexander the Great himself, despite the controversial decisions he made during his conquests, forever went down in history as one of the most outstanding people.

Facts from the biography of Alexander the Great

  • The grand commander was a native of Greece.
  • His date of birth is not reliably known, but most scholars agree that Alexander the Great was born in 323 BC.
  • He became a ruler at 20, after his father, the Macedonian king Philip II, was killed.
  • It is known for a fact that he loved to read. His favorite books were the works of the ancient Greek poet Homer.
  • In the course of his conquests, Alexander the Great subjugated the vast expanses of Europe, Asia and even Africa.
  • After conquering Persia, he proclaimed himself “king of Asia.”
  • It was thanks to the campaigns of Alexander the Great that the spread of Greek culture in the East began laying the foundation of Hellenism.
  • At 16, he was replacing his father on the throne while he was on a campaign, but there was a rebellion. The future general quickly and successfully suppressed it by leading troops loyal to him.
  • Alexander the Great was immensely respected by the troops, because he always took part in all battles, and went at the forefront, leading his men behind him.

  • He held philosophers in high esteem. One day, he approached Diogenes and asked if there was anything he could do for him. Diogenes answered the king could go away, because he was blocking out the sun. The governor was not angry, but delighted with this answer.
  • Alexander called himself the son of Zeus, and always boasted that he was a descendant of the legendary Hercules.
  • One of Alexander the Great’s teachers was the famous Aristotle.
  • Throughout his life, Alexander the Great never lost a battle.
  • His famous military campaign, during which he united many lands under his rule, lasted a full 15 years.
  • When Alexander the Great came to power, he eliminated all possible claimants to the throne. He left alive only his weak-minded brother Ariddeus, considering that he was not a threat to him.
  • Alexander the Great once held a drinking contest among his soldiers.
  • After the death of Hephaistion, his closest friend, he created a cult of his name and built two temples in his honor. This aroused a mixed reaction in society, since what he had done went against the tenets of Hellenic religion.
  • He named the city Bucephalus after his faithful horse, who fell in battle.
  • He was one of the most revered foreign figures in Rome, even many years after his death. Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, and Augustus made pilgrimages to Alexander’s tomb in Egyptian Alexandria.
  • According to the annals, Alexander had three wives: Roxana, Parisatide, and Statira.
  • The vain commander often named the cities he captured after himself. So, after his conquests, about 70 cities carried the name of Alexander the Great.
  • Among other titles, he was called Pharaoh of Egypt, which he also conquered.

  • Alexander firmly adhered to the principle - he who betrayed once will betray again, and that’s why he always executed those who defected from the enemy’s camp.
  • Alexander suffered from ailurophobia - fear of cats.
  • After defeating the Persians, Alexander dressed like a Persian king and had two Persian wives. The reason for this was simple - he believed that the nations he conquered would feel more comfortable when their new ruler adhered to their customs.
  • To hold power in the conquered Persian empire, Alexander the Great also forced nearly a hundred high-ranking associates to marry local noblewomen.
  • Alexander’s wife, Roxana, was captured by him among other captives. Upon seeing her, he fell in love and married her.
  • According to historical documents, the grand commander was known for his love of cleanliness, and he always examined personal hygiene.
  • The cause of Alexander the Great’s death is still unknown. Some believe that he was poisoned, others believe that he was brought to his grave by some disease.
  • After his untimely death, all his blood relatives were killed. The line of the great Alexander the Great was interrupted.
  • Tactics and strategy, invented by him, are still studied in military academies from different countries.
  • The exact location of Alexander the Great’s tomb is still a mystery.
  • Greece and Macedonia still argue to this day over whether Alexander the Great was in fact a Greek or a Macedonian.

Teg:   alexander  great