Posted on Jul 15, 2021 32
Ernest Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in suburban Chicago to an intellectual family. The future writer’s father, Clarence Edmont Hemingway, was a well-known physician in the city, and his mother, Grace Ernestine Hill-Hemingway, was a famous singer. The boy was named Ernest after his maternal grandfather. His mother tried to give the child a musical education, but Ernest had no special inclination to music. But his father instilled in his son a love of nature, through which Hemingway always felt a taste for travel and adventure.
Ernest Hemingway always kept weapons in his house. His parents recalled he learned to shoot at three, and at ten he was already going hunting. Later, guns would play a fatal role in their family. First Hemingway Senior, and then his sons Ernest and Lester, would die voluntarily, shooting themselves with hunting rifles.
Ernest Hemingway published his first literary works as a young man in a school newspaper called Trapeze. It is accepted that the writer’s literary debut was in January 1916, when the Trapeze published his note about the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Ernest was determined that his whole future life would be connected to literature.
After graduating from high school, Hemingway, despite his parents’ pleas, did not go to university, but went to Kansas City, where he became a reporter for the local newspaper. The young journalist led the paper’s crime chronicle. He often traveled to fires, wrote about high-profile murders and robberies. During his time in Kansas City, Hemingway gained not only journalistic but also life experience.
During World War I, the young journalist wanted to volunteer to go to the front. But he was not allowed into the army by the medical board because Hemingway’s left eye was damaged. Then Ernest became a driver of the Red Cross car. And even received an award for saving a wounded soldier. Hemingway carried him out of the fire, although he himself was wounded.
Hemingway received an insurance payout for his wounds, so he could do without work for a while when he returned home. He used this time for his literary activities, spending entire days in libraries. At the end of 1919, he became a correspondent for one of Canada’s largest newspapers, the Toronto Star. In 1921, Hemingway married for the first time, his fiancee was the pianist Elizabeth Hadley Richardson. The writer married four times.
Life often tested the strength of Ernest Hemingway. He had anthrax, skin cancer, pneumonia, malaria. In the last years of his life, the writer was diagnosed with diabetes. Repeatedly got into car and air accidents, getting the strongest fractures. But he could get back on his feet even after a complex spinal injury.
At auctions, the autographs of writer Ernest Hemingway are very expensive. And it is not only in his popularity. Hemingway himself did not like to give autographs, fans of the talent of the writer hunted for his signature for years, but to get the desired autograph few managed. Hence the incredibly high prices for everything signed in Hemingway’s hand.
True, in the thirties, the number of Hemingway’s autographs suddenly exploded. Perhaps the writer became more malleable? No, it turned out that there was a crook who traveled around the country posing as Ernest Hemingway. The outraged writer caught the impostor personally and hand him over to the police. But he could not find the swindler. Feeling being watched, he probably decided to “lie low”.
Hemingway was fond of cats; sometimes up to two dozen pets lived in his house. The six-toed cat Snowball, which Hemingway was presented with in 1935, loved him greatly. It is interesting that Snowball’s six-toed descendants were as well, some of which still live in the Ernest Hemingway house-museum. They are even called a national treasure of the United States.
Ernest Hemingway lived in Cuba for several years. It was a very fruitful period for his creativity. In 1953, he received the Pulitzer Prize for the story “The Old Man and the Sea”, and another year later, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1959, Ernest Hemingway warmly welcomed the Cuban Revolution.
In 1960, Hemingway returned to the United States. By that time, he was already seriously ill. His relatives were especially worried about the mental state of the writer. He became withdrawn and uncommunicative, and he was sure that he was under constant surveillance by FBI agents. Even his treatment in a psychiatric clinic did not help. On July 2, 1961, the world-famous writer shot himself in his home in Ketchum. Before he passed away voluntarily, he did not even leave a suicide note.