Posted on Mar 12, 2022 186
The German poet Johann Goethe left such a mark on history that he is still an idol for millions of people. His “Faust” is known all over the world, although during his life Goethe created a lot of other works, no less worthy or significant. He made his mark in a variety of genres, and in all of them succeeded.
Facts from the biography of Goethe
- The poet was personally acquainted with the famous composer Mendelssohn, the same one who gave the world the most popular wedding march.
- Johann Goethe spoke very highly of the work of the French comedian Moliere.
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s middle name coincided with the first name of the great composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
- Johann Goethe was born on March 22. On this day, Puerto Rico celebrates the abolition of slavery, the UN considers it Water Day, and Venice once declared its independence on March 22.
- The house where he lived has survived to this day. It is now the official home-museum of Goethe.
- The poet grew up in a well-read family, his parents’ library included over 2,000 books.
- Johann Goethe’s most famous work, Faust, is based on the half-true legend of Dr. Faust, an itinerant doctor and witch doctor.
- Young Johann Goethe’s first education was dealt with directly by his father, who hired as many as eight tutors to help him.
- His first poems were quite funny. He dedicated them to the innkeeper’s daughter, with whom he was in love in his youth.
- The poet’s favorite flower was the carnation. He considered it a symbol of fortitude in the face of life and all the problems that accompany it.
- He was personally acquainted with the famous philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, as he was a frequent guest in the literary salon of his mother. True, Schopenhauer himself was still a child at the time.
- His studies at the University of Leipzig Goethe never completed. He got aggravated tuberculosis, so he had to leave his studies and return home.
- He created a lot of works in different genres - comedies, tragedies, epics, dramas, as well as compiled his own autobiography.
- Goethe was a connoisseur of classical music, singling out Johann Bach of all composers. He called the experience of listening to his music harmony with himself.
- His tragedy, Faust, is officially recognized as a masterpiece of German and world literature.
- During the four years of Goethe worked as a lawyer. However, he did not spend much time working, being too busy with his own literary experiments.
- The poet was very knowledgeable in some sciences, particularly botany, geology, osteology and mineralogy.
- During his creative crisis, Johann Goethe secretly left the country and, traveling incognito, undertook a long journey through the various cities of Italy.
- The poet′ wife did not belong to the nobility, so his parents forbade him to marry her or take her with him in high society. Not daring to defy their will, Goethe lived with his beloved for 18 years before when he finally got her into marriage.
- During the Napoleonic wars, the poet’s family nearly died after the Battle of Jena, when the French troops were engaged in looting in the captured city. Goethe by some miracle, showing ingenuity and personal courage, brought his family out. By the way, he was personally acquainted with Napoleon Bonaparte, considering the French emperor a very entertaining personality in terms of cultural and historical influence.
- Johann Goethe praised the work of Byron, one of the most famous poets of Great Britain.
- Now his authority in the literary milieu is considered unquestionable. During his lifetime, however, Goethe was much criticized, although many of his works were recognized by his contemporaries as very successful.
- The poet and his wife had five children, but only the eldest son survived. He himself died two days before the death of Johann Goethe, but left three descendants. So the dynasty of Goethe lives on to this day.
- Goethe himself collected various minerals, and his collection included very rare specimens. The mineral goethite was also named after him.