Interesting facts about India - the best in brief


Posted on Sep 21, 2022      17


Interesting Facts about India

Throughout the history of this country, many important events have taken place here. India has experienced several conquests over the centuries, but has remained an amazingly mysterious and distinctive corner of our planet.

It is here that such religious movements as Hinduism, Buddhism, as well as Jainism and Sikhism originated. In India passed the most important trade routes, in addition, it has always been a country with an original culture. Here is a selection of the most interesting facts about India.

The second most populous country

I am sure many of you know about the large population of India, but I could not miss this. Today, India is the second most populous country in the world, second only to China. According to the latest data, India has 1,368,699,000 people, or 17.6 percent of the world’s population. China is 30 million ahead of its nearest competitor.

What is interesting is that there are only two countries with such a huge number of people. There is a gap of over 1 billion people between third and second place. In third place is the United States, with a population of 331,427,186. India is predicted to be the most populous country in the world by 2050.

Large number of English speakers

After the United States of America, India has the second largest number of English speakers in the world.

About 125 million people in India speak English, which is (hard to believe when you think about it) about 10 percent of the population. Every year the number is only growing.

A vegetarian country

India has the largest number of people in the world who consider themselves vegetarians. Some have chosen this way of eating because of religious considerations, and some have personal reasons, but either way, about 40 percent of the inhabitants of India are vegetarians.

Given that the population of India is 1.3 billion people, the number of vegetarians reaches the 500 million mark. It has the lowest level of consumption of meat products on the planet.

“Pure vegetarian” - this is the mark you can find on some restaurants and cafes, which shows the complete exclusion of non-vegetarian dishes from the menu.

The Long Railroad

India has the 4th largest railway system in the world, with a total length of nearly 67,600 kilometers. But if you want to keep a pleasant impression of this country in your heart, try to avoid the train at all costs. Or, you know, if you’re just curious to see people hanging off the side or riding on the roof of a train, then India is the place to be.

The local commuter trains there are incredibly crowded most of the time, so it would be hard to get on one. Seating is out of the question. That said, India’s crazy overcrowded trains have become something of a tourist attraction.

The railroads in India are not only famous for their length, they are also the most accident-prone. In the last five years, there have been over 580 railroad accidents in India. Half of the accidents are caused by derailed trains.

Environmental problems

Experts have named the most polluted cities in the world. CNN News reports that 22 of the first 30 are in India. Therefore, the environmental situation leaves much to be desired. Breathing the air in Mumbai for one day is equivalent to smoking 100 cigarettes.

The major cause of pollution is the burning of fossil fuels, which is exacerbated by deforestation.

The biggest movie industry

The Indian film industry is one of the largest in the world. The Indian film industry is often referred to as Bollywood, although, in fact, it is only one of India’s film companies.

It’s easy to guess that most of the films that Bollywood produces (about 1,600 a year) are more like musicals, like Zita and Gita or Disco Dancer.

In the last decade, India has already surpassed the U.S. in the number of films made almost twice as much. But it loses out on the key indicator - global box office receipts (India is not even in the top 5 for that indicator).

The wettest place on earth

One of the famous landmarks of India is a village. According to the Guinness Book of Records, the place with the highest humidity on earth is in India. It is about the village of Mawsynram, which is in the state of Meghalaya.

According to calculations, it receives 11,870 mm of rainfall per year. Just imagine: If a 38-meter statue of Christ the Redeemer from Rio was standing in this village, it would be knee-deep in water in a year.

Mourning color

The color white in India is considered a mourning color. To people of Western culture, and indeed too many other peoples, it seems rather strange. Death in India is a joyful event, a transition to the ancestors, the next incarnation.

The white color of the garments exactly means the transition of a person to the initial stage of a new incarnation - the beginning, rebirth. The word “mourning” is used to simplify our Western understanding. After all, if a person never dies definitively, then there is no mourning.

Often Indian widows here wear white clothing. This makes them strikingly different from single ladies or women who are married, because they usually wear bright colors.

Arranged Marriage

Over seventy percent of young people in India prefer not to choose a future husband or wife, but to have an arranged marriage.

You’d be surprised, but only one marriage in a hundred ends in divorce. India’s divorce rate is one of the lowest in the world.

India’s Largest Family

The amazing fact is that India has the largest family on the planet. A man named Zion Chan has 39 wives and (just imagine!) 94 children and another 33 grandchildren.

They live in a four-story, 100-room house in Baktwang Village in Mizoram State. Despite this there are 9-10 people living in each room.

One of the oldest cities in the world

The Indian city of Varanasi is considered being the oldest settlement on the planet. The holy city, according to legends, was founded by the god Shiva about 5000 years ago and was first inhabited over 3000 years ago.

Many Hindus choose to die in this place because they believe it frees a person from the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. Varanasi is one of the seven sacred cities of Hinduism.

Traffic rules with peculiarities

The key feature of traffic rules in India is their absence. Even experienced drivers will have difficulty adjusting to the unusual rules. The concept of traffic rules on the roads of India, if there is any, is very conditional. The fundamental rule here is the horn. This gives you the right to make any maneuver on the road, so do not be surprised if the horn is followed by a sharp turn.

There is another reason the horn is vital for Indian drivers. Many vehicles do not have side mirrors. The lanes are closely spaced, so the mirrors are simply not placed or broken. Stickers can be seen in some vehicles that urge rear-end drivers to honk more often.

Horn and sign language - this is how drivers communicate on the roads, which helps avoid accidents. So don’t be surprised if a road trip in India is always accompanied by noise. By the way, although drivers do not follow any formal rules, accidents are quite rare here.

The River with the Sharks

Few people know this, but in the Indian River Ganges, there are the most real sharks. Freshwater Ganges sharks are dangerous predators, and very little is known about them. Because of habitat degradation and overfishing, these sharks are very rare and endangered.

Also, the blunt-nose shark often swims into the Ganges, whose attacks are often confused with those of the Ganges shark.

Crocodile Funeral

Residents of the Indian village of Bawamohatra held a ceremonial funeral for a 130-year-old crocodile in early 2019. It is one of the oldest crocodiles in history. About 500 people came to say goodbye to a crocodile named Gangaram.

The 3-meter crocodile represented the deity of the locals. It lived in one pond and, according to the locals, was friendly and never attacked people. The level of the crocodile’s friendliness reached such heights that even children could safely swim next to him.

Indifferent residents fed the reptile with rice and beans. Despite such a specific diet, Gangaram has become one of the oldest crocodiles in history. And it is also known that the locals plan to install a statue near his pond.

Elephant Festival

What could be more beautiful than a huge Indian elephant? Only the most beautiful Indian elephant.

One of India’s most colorful and spectacular festivals is the Jaipur Elephant Festival. “India’s Most Beautiful Elephant” is held every year from February to March. The owners of the giants paint them from foot to toe with all kinds of patterns.

Nowhere else in the world do they hold such a celebration in honor of these magnificent giants as here. People prepare my elephants and decorate them with many stunning accessories and garments. They even paint colorful drawings on them. Then everyone votes for the most beautiful elephant at the festival.

A state-of-the-art public address system on local buses

In Indian buses, it is not customary to announce the stop with words. For this purpose, passengers use a rope and a bell.

Each bus has a rope with a bell or mechanical bell at the end. The conductor or passenger pulls the rope, and a bell sounds near the driver to signal a stop.

If you are going to travel to India by bus, be prepared because the bus rarely stops completely when disembarking and boarding passengers, but only slows down. But there is a silver lining. You can get on and get off at any place, as long as you let the conductor or the driver know about it.


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