Posted on Mar 12, 2022 146
The world-famous Niagara Falls is an amazing and unique creation of nature. Beautiful and mighty, it draws millions of people each year who want to see it with their own eyes, and such a spectacle will not be forgotten for the rest of their lives. It is far from the highest in the world, but its charm lies elsewhere-in the sheer magnitude that makes it one of the most powerful waterfalls in the world.
Facts about Niagara Falls
- It divides two countries, Canada and the United States, and citizens of both nations have access to it from “their” side.
- The volume of water that Niagara Falls spills down depends on the season and the amount of rainfall, but it often exceeds 5,700 cubic meters per second.
- The height of Niagara is relatively modest - only 53 meters, of which only 21 meters can be seen, as a larger view is obstructed by rocks. For comparison, in Venezuela, Angel Falls, the highest in the world, has a height of 1054 meters.
- Under Niagara Falls, enterprising local authorities have built several power plants that use its energy.
- Most tourists agree that the view from the Canadian side is more impressive than the American side.
- The horseshoe-shaped Niagara consists, strictly , of three separate waterfalls, one of which is 323 meters wide and the other as much as 792 meters. The third is small.
- Just a couple of hundred meters further downstream, beyond Niagara Falls, there is a bridge across the river that is used by cars and pedestrians.
- Scientists have found that the falls are very young by geological standards. Their age is only about 6000 years.
- It got its name after the Niagara River. However, sometimes the waterfall itself is also called by this word.
- A little less than 11,000 years ago, Niagara Falls already existed, but in a different place. Because of soil erosion, it has moved to where it is now.
- In the early 19th century, it was visited by the brother of Napoleon Bonaparte.
- Both Canadian and American laws forbid attempts to jump down from Niagara Falls. However, there are at least 16 documented cases, most of which ended sadly. The first man who made such a jump and survived was Sam Patch, who made this brave but reckless act in 1829. And Annie Taylor, a 63-year-old lady in 1901, became the first person to descend from Niagara Falls in a barrel and still survive.
- In 2012, an acrobat walked 550 meters along a rope between the Canadian and American sides of Niagara Falls. So that he could do it. The authorities of both countries even canceled the law, which was in force for 128 years, prohibiting such stunts.
- Because the rocks continue to erode, Niagara Falls continues to gradually recede upstream. A similar pattern is observed at Victoria Falls.
- Two cases of complete freezing of Niagara Falls have been documented in 1848 and 1912.
- many fish also fall down with the water, but about 90% of them, according to scientists’ observations, survive the fall.
- It would take the average family about seven and a half years to use up the volume of water flowing through Niagara Falls in just one second.
- An unauthorized attempt to go down the falls would have to pay a $10,000 fine.
- Niagara Falls is the largest producer of electricity in New York State. The total capacity of the power plants it feeds is 4.4 gigawatts.
- Nearly 30 million people visit Niagara Falls each year.
- The largest waterfall of the Niagara complex, Horseshoe Falls, is not the largest in the world. There are nearly 500 taller waterfalls on Earth.
- Scientists predict that soil erosion will destroy Niagara Falls in about 50,000 years, with the smaller American part disappearing in 5,000 years.
- Niagara Falls National Park is the oldest in all of Canada.
- Niagara Falls used to move 1-1.5 meters a year, but after the construction of hydroelectric power plants on it, the speed of its movement was slowed to about 30 cm per year.
- The power of Niagara Falls is estimated at 5 million horsepower.
- It is impossible to stand next to it and stay dry, because the air here is literally saturated with tiny particles of water.