Posted on Oct 4, 2021 39
The world famous German philosopher and thinker Friedrich Nietzsche was a very interesting personality. His ideas and theories seem very, very controversial to some, and this is not surprising - Nietzsche never hesitated to contradict the opinion of the majority, even if his statements and assertions did not fit into the accepted framework. A personality of such magnitude is still the subject of heated debate more than a century after his death. Nietzsche wrote many philosophical treatises during his lifetime and spawned a pleiad of followers and detractors alike.
Facts from Nietzsche’s biography
- The philosopher’s father was a Lutheran priest, as were both of his grandfathers.
- For the first time in his life, Nietzsche tried his hand at writing while studying in grammar school.
- In his youth, Friedrich dreamed of becoming a musician, but this dream was not destined to come true. But he learned to play the piano well.
- He was named Nietzsche in honor of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV, because the future writer was born on the birthday of the monarch.
- During his studies in grammar school, Nietzsche paid considerable attention to the study of ancient texts. Some of his own works, created later, are a direct reinterpretation of them.
- Most of Friedrich Nietzsche’s works are written in such a way as to leave considerable latitude for various interpretations, and therefore disputes about their true meaning are still going on to this day.
- Nietzsche regarded Wagner as his favorite composer, and he treated his works with great reverence.
- At the age of 24 years, while he was still a philological student, Friedrich Nietzsche was appointed a professor at the university, which is an exceptional case.
- When the war between France and Prussia began in 1870, Nietzsche could not take part in it as a volunteer at the front, although he tried to do so, because of the Prussian citizenship he had already given up by that time, having moved to Switzerland. Switzerland, however, remained neutral in this war, and forbade Nietzsche to take part in the fighting, allowing him to go to the front only as a corpsman, which he did. During the war, the philosopher was seriously ill with dysentery and diphteritis.
- Already in adulthood, Nietzsche met Richard Wagner, and soon the philosopher and the composer became best friends.
- Among other philosophers, Friedrich Nietzsche was fond of the works of Arthur Schopenhauer.
- The aforementioned friendship, however, fell apart years later. First, Wagner condemned Nietzsche’s book The Human, Too Human, and later the philosopher responded by publishing The Casus Wagner, which also provoked the composer’s wrath.
- Throughout his life, Nietzsche suffered from a variety of illnesses, and was never in good health. He was also treated with opiates, which was normal for medicine of that era. By the age of 30, he was practically blind, and he was constantly suffering from migraines.
- The last years of Friedrich Nietzsche’s life were marred by an insanity disorder. He was even put in a psychiatric hospital, from where his mother later took him away, but he spent the last 11 years of his life in a clouded state of mind and with occasional bouts of paralysis.
- Nietzsche was unmarried and left no descendants.
- The Nietzsche Memorial Museum was established after his death by his sister Elisabeth.
- For over thirty years of his life, he was stateless, as he renounced his Prussian citizenship and never got Swiss citizenship.
- Throughout his life, Nietzsche remained an ardent opponent of all religions.
- Shortly before he lost his mind, the philosopher tried his way into politics, but failed.
- The complete works of Nietzsche were published in over 20 volumes.