Posted on Nov 25, 2022 622
If we list the greatest scientists in the entire history of humanity, among the first will undoubtedly be named Pythagoras of Samos. This brilliant man was ahead of his time, becoming the founding father of modern geometry. In addition, during his life, Pythagoras contributed hugely to other sciences, which is clearly reflected in his biography. Ancient Greece also gave us many other great minds, but Pythagoras’ intellect stands out even against their background. Many of the theories developed by him are still actively used, because the truths he discovered simply cannot become outdated.
Facts from Pythagoras’ biography
- According to Pythagoras, numbers were the basis of all things. He taught his followers that the world was controlled by mathematical harmonies which made up reality. These numbers were revered as gods. With the Pythagoreans, each number and its sequence had a sacred meaning: 7 was the number of wisdom, 8 was justice, and 10 was considered the number of the highest order.
- Pythagoras’ father was not an educated man. He was a common stonecutter.
- When he was eighteen years old, Pythagoras left his native island. After several years spent traveling and meeting sages from different lands, he arrived in Egypt. His plans included learning from the priests, comprehending the ancient wisdom. In this, he is helped by a letter of recommendation from the Samosian tyrant Polycrates to Pharaoh Amasis.
- It was Pythagoras who first came to the idea that the Earth was shaped like a sphere.
- Pythagoras took part in the Olympic Games, where he won more than once in fist fights.
- In Egypt, the scientist spent the whole 22 years, after which he moved for 12 years to ancient Babylon.
- As a religious innovator, Pythagoras created a secret society, the purpose of which was to purify the soul. Pythagoras believed that the human soul after death moves into other living beings until it atones for sins and returns to heaven.
- Pythagoras’ followers were so inspired by his teachings that they will undergo torture so as not to give away his secrets.
- Because of the first lecture he gave, Pythagoras gained 2,000 disciples, who did not return home, but together with their wives and children, formed a huge school.
- The first mentions of Pythagoras’ life did not become known until 200 years after his death.
- Pythagoras’ own school included three branches: political, religious and philosophical.
- During one revolt in Samos, according to the ancient Greek historian Porphyry, Pythagoras died. According to one version, the most probable, he was 80, according to another - 90 years old.
- Pythagoras is actually a nickname, not a name.
- Some researchers believe that he simply borrowed the famous formula for “Pythagoras’ pants” from the Chaldean priests in Babylon.
- Like modern vegans, Pythagoras believed one should not eat food of animal origin. He believed that people’s souls move into animals. Eating food of animal origin can be equated with cannibalism. According to data from other ancient authors, Pythagoras restricted himself to only certain kinds of meat. In addition, his teachings stated an aversion to any bloodshed.
- The Pythagoreans believed rational numbers helped explain the structure of the universe. But one member of the union, Hippas, discovered the golden ratio, which disproved one of the key principles in Pythagoras’ works, and the mathematician, according to one version, killed him.
- Pythagoras did not write treatises. A treatise could not be compiled from oral instruction for the people, and a book could not be entrusted with occult secret teachings for the chosen few.
- Pythagoras claimed that in a past life, he was one warrior who fought for Troy.
- No written works of Pythagoras remain. His achievements can only be judged by oral tradition.
- Entering the school of Pythagoras, people had to give up their possessions.
- Pythagoras was dressed unusually for his time and country: he wore pants, wide white clothes, and a golden diadem on his head.
- One asteroid was named after Pythagoras.
- According to one legend, Pythagoras got the famous theorem as a prize: he bet with an unknown mathematician about who would out-drink whom, and won. The mathematician gave the scroll with the theorem to Pythagoras and said that the person who owns the scroll will be famous for more than a millennium.
- Pythagoras played the lyre beautifully.
- The Pythagoreans believed in the supernatural abilities of their leader. They believed he could speak to animals and remember his past lives.
- Pythagoras’ followers actually believed that he was a demigod. They called him “the divine Pythagoras” and seriously proved to people that his father was one of the Olympian gods.