Posted on Oct 8, 2021 22
An amazing country of Scotland - the land of picturesque mountains, dense woods and deep lakes, and it is no wonder that local poets are so praising its beauty in their poems. However, strictly Scotland is not an independent state - it has been a part of United Kingdom for long time and though some Scots are not happy with it, most of them are used to consider themselves as a part of Great Britain and do not want to change anything.
Facts about Scotland
- The oldest settlement in all the British Isles is located precisely in this country. Archaeologists have established that Skara Brae was founded about 5000 years ago, during the Neolithic Age. Skara Brae is the best-preserved settlement of that era in all of Europe.
- It is in Scotland, is the shortest air route in the world, connecting the two islands. An airplane spends in the air only a little over one minute.
- The capital of Scotland is the ancient city of Edinburgh, but it is only the second in this country, second in size and population to Glasgow.
- Edinburgh has more surviving landmark buildings than any other city in the world.
- The game of golf was invented about 5 centuries ago by the Scots. In the original version, players rolled round stones into rabbit holes with sticks.
- There are about as many Scots living outside Scotland as there are in the country itself. Most of them live in the United States and Canada.
- The seas around the Scottish coasts, though cold, are still rich in life. They are home to over 40,000 different species of creatures, from plankton and algae to fish and mammals.
- One of Europe’s oldest trees grows practically in the heart of Scotland, in the village's churchyard of Forthingale in Perthshire. Different researchers give the age of the Forthingale yew varying from 2000 to 5000 years.
- It was the Scots who invented asphalt in the early 19th century. It is found in nature as it is, but local scientists figured out how to produce it on an industrial scale.
- Scotsman William Cullen invented artificial refrigeration in 1748, and it is thanks to him that we now have refrigerators.
- Officially, the head of Scotland, as well as the whole of Great Britain, is the reigning English monarch.
- There are about 2.5 times fewer people living in all of Scotland than in Moscow.
- In 2014, the country held a referendum on the possible secession of Scotland from Great Britain. However, over 53% of those who voted decided it would be better to remain part of the United Kingdom.
- Most countries have symbols - animals or plants. But in Scotland the symbol of the country is a fictional creature - a unicorn, which is a unique case.
- The percentage of red-haired people in this country is higher than in any other country. And in some Scottish areas, they even make up to 30-40% of the population.
- It is forbidden to enter most of the Scottish bars and pubs wearing clothes with symbolic of any soccer clubs.
- Since 1987, Scotland has had a Whisky Heritage Centre, a sort of compromise between a pub and a museum, a place truly unique.
- Apart from the land in Britain, there are about 800 more islands in Scotland. But most of them are tiny and therefore uninhabited.
- The country, independent for nearly 500 years before that, became part of Britain only at the beginning of the XVIII century.
- The telephone was invented by Scotsman Alexander Graham Bell.
- The area of Scotland is roughly equal to that of Bohemia or Panama.
- Contrary to the popular myth, the traditional skirts and kilts are hardly ever worn by the Scots, they are put on only for some events and holidays.
- Despite the magnificent nature, a lot of places are absolutely untouched. There are only two national parks in the whole country which are protected by the state.
- The official status in Scotland has three languages - English, Scottish and Gaelic.
- In XI-XII centuries, the Scandinavian Vikings often raided the Scottish shores. They also founded settlements there, and many Scots actually have Scandinavian roots.