Posted on Mar 13, 2022 376
The bow was invented in ancient times. Naturally, it is simply impossible to name the exact date. And the first written evidence of the use of the bow and arrows in combat dates back to 2340 BC. This record was found on Babylonian clay tablets.
In 1792 an unusual competition was held in England between archers and musketeers. They each fired 20 shots from a distance of 100 yards. It turned out that 16 arrows and only 12 bullets hit the target. Experienced archers can hit the target 12 times in one minute from such a distance. To date, the Royal Guard includes the Brigade of Scottish Archers. They guard the monarch during his visits to Scotland.
British monarchs have always respected apt archers. Not without reason, in 1457 James II formally forbade Scotsmen to play golf, considering that this pastime distracts men from a more useful activity - training with archery. Medics claim that the archer’s skeleton differed from all the others: the right arm bone was much denser because of the constant training.
Strangely enough, it was in a sport as masculine as archery that women could compete in the Olympics, starting in 1904. And in the team events, Jessie Pollock, a venerable lady of 64 years of age, was among the winners.
In 1920, archery was removed from the Olympic program. Athletes used a wide variety of bow models, which made it difficult to compete. The sport was brought back to life only half a century later, in 1972, when a single projectile model was developed for all participants.
In ancient China the aristocrats had to be fluent in “Six Arts” - knowledge of rituals, music, mathematics, reading and writing, the ability to control a chariot and good archery.
In China, for many centuries, a legend has been passed down from generation to generation about how a military leader, Liu Bu, could stop military action with just one arrow. He was present at negotiations between two generals who were preparing to pit their armies against each other. Bu Liu proposed an unusual bet: he would hit the tip of a halberd with an arrow from a distance of several hundred paces. In that case, the battle would be called off. The generals agreed, laughing at the archer. Lui Bu calmly pierced the target with his arrow, preventing bloodshed.
In 1979 Drake Harry set a world record for the distance of an arrow. The arrow flew a distance of 1410 meters and 87 centimeters. The record holder used a model bow, the bowstring of which is stretched with the help of his feet. Such a technique was widely used by Chinese archers during the Qin Dynasty.
In actual combat, the bow was used not so long ago. For example, during the Second World War a certain Jack Churchill served in the British army which of many weapons preferred the bow. And he used it successfully.