Posted on Mar 31, 2021 89
Games similar to modern badminton were popular among many peoples in many parts of our planet. For example, even on ancient Greek amphorae, there were images of people who played the shuttlecock not only with their hands but also with their feet. However, now for throwing a shuttlecock over the net using special rackets. Such a game is mentioned in Chinese documents dated 1122 BC. Flounces, for the game was made of goose feathers.
Toward our time, in the nineteenth century, British officers, military service in India, became interested in the game, which was called “poona". And the inhabitants of the British Isles like to make every pastime a full-fledged sport, having developed unified rules for competitions. Therefore, the birthplace of modern badminton can be called England, where in 1873 Charles Somerset built the first court for the game of badminton, and 20 years later the rules of the game were published.
How did the name of the game come about? It all came about thanks to the same Duke Charles Somerset, owner of Badminton House Manor. It was here that the first competitions were held. The new game quickly gained popularity among the English aristocracy. In a few years, clubs of badminton fans spread throughout Britain.
Badminton rackets are made of a variety of materials. Initially made of wood, then - of aluminum, titanium, carbon fiber. Rackets for amateurs are produced in vast quantities and cost little. Another thing is a “tool” for high-class professionals. For them, rackets are made to special order in a single copy. The weight of professional rackets is 80-89 grams.
Another important attribute for playing badminton is a shuttlecock. Volantines are produced both from natural materials and synthetic. Plastic ones are mostly used by amateurs. A shuttlecock for professional athletes comprises cork and 16 goose feathers. Plastic products can be used for a long time, but dozens of shuttles are needed for one masters’ match. For example, at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, 8,400 pieces were used.
As in tennis, badminton can be played by two opponents or four (two on each side). Despite the apparent simplicity, badminton requires athletes to have excellent physical training. During the match, each participant overcomes several kilometers, causes hundreds of blows on the shuttlecock. Which is flying at an incredible speed of over 400 kilometers per hour? To compare, the speed of the puck after a professional hockey player’s throw is 150-180 kilometers per hour.
With modern technology, which allows you to measure the distance covered by athletes during a match, it was possible to establish that the total distance of badminton players is almost twice as long as that of tennis players. Record figures reach ten kilometers. And the greatest number of blows on a shuttlecock per game - 19,725.
The four largest shuttlecocks were manufactured in 1994 in the USA. Each of them weighs about two tons, and their height is five meters. Naturally, it is impossible to play such giants; they are kept, as exhibits, in the Museum of Art in Kansas City.
Currently, the recognized leaders in badminton are athletes from Asian countries. At major international tournaments, athletes from China, the Republic of Korea, Indonesia, and Malaysia compete for medals. For example, the Chinese athlete Li Dan was twice the strongest at the Olympic Games and five times world champion. No one in badminton can boast such an impressive collection of awards won at tournaments of this level, except Li Dan.