Posted on Apr 18, 2021 226
It is a well-known fact that bamboo is the fastest growing plant in the world. In one hour, bamboo can grow by 2-3 centimeters. But, this is on average. Biologists say that in certain periods the plant can grow up to 1 meter in an hour.
Bamboo has a very strong, but at the same time light wood, so it has been used since ancient times for the construction of houses, bridges, rafts, making weapons and musical instruments. In the Chinese town of An Lan suspended bamboo bridge was built in the third century AD and is still in use. It is the oldest bamboo structure in the world.
By the way, the term “bamboo wood” is used often, although bamboo is actually a grass(!) and not a tree.
The fiber made from bamboo is an excellent protection against ultraviolet radiation. Through such a fabric, harmful rays penetrate 450 times less than through clothes made of cotton.
Panda, or bamboo bear, belongs to the class of predators, but feeds mainly on bamboo. In one day an adult animal eats up to 30 kg of shoots. If the bamboo plantations die, the pandas will starve to death.
Bamboo blooms only once in its life. It is certainly a beautiful sight, but it is not a joy for the planters. The very process of flowering takes so much energy from the roots that most of the plants die. The easiest way to avoid blooming is to regularly cut back the shoots. It is not dangerous for the plant, fresh shoots soon appear in the cut's place.
Even in our computer age bamboo finds a new use. For example, the company “ASUS” has established the production of notebooks, the body of which consists 85% of bamboo and 15% of plastic. This case does not break when dropped and can absorb static electricity.
In 1947, the legendary Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl and his team sailed across the Pacific Ocean on a Kon-Tiki raft, determined to prove that even in ancient times people could reach Polynesia from South America. The Norwegian also used bamboo as the material for his raft. Bamboo mats were placed on nine large logs of balsa. The hut on the raft was also made of bamboo.
In 1998, a world congress of bamboo scientists was held in Costa Rica. For this event French pilot Michel Abadie made an unusual aircraft: a single-seat biplane, the primary construction material for which was bamboo. The wingspan of the biplane is 9 meters, the vehicle is capable of speeds up to 120 kilometers per hour. Only the engine, fasteners and brakes were not made of bamboo.
At one time bamboo torture in Japan and China. The condemned to execution was suspended over the sharply sharpened bamboo stalk. The escape would pass through the body in a few hours, causing terrible agony.
There are more than a thousand kinds of bamboo in the world. And not always bamboo grows in hot climates. Some species can withstand severe frosts and grow even at an altitude of 5,000 meters above sea level.