Interesting facts about bees

Posted on Mar 20, 2021      171

It is thanks to bees, these small but so interesting creatures, that most plants are pollinated. Well, not all of them, of course, but if bees suddenly disappeared, almost all plant life on Earth would soon become extinct. Perhaps if evolution had not created these winged pollinators, plants would have adapted to a unique method of reproduction. But that’s what it is. Although not all plants depend on bees - ferns, for example, do not need them at all, coping with reproduction on their own.

Facts about bees

  • Bees have adapted to feed on nectar and pollen, using nectar primarily as a source of energy and pollen for protein and other nutrients.
  • Bees need to produce one gram of wax to seal honey in 75 bee cells.
  • Honey production is hard work. To produce just 100 grams of this sweet treat, this toiler must fly over an average of one million flowers.
  • Bees have five eyes, three at the top of their heads and two at the front.
  • They can’t distinguish the color red.

  • In 2013, scientists at Washington Medical University in St. Louis developed a way to attack HIV cells using a powerful toxin present in bee venom.
  • During a fire, the bees’ instinct for self-preservation kicks in, and they stockpile honey without regard for outsiders. Therefore, the use of smoke in beekeeping is effective - fumigation of hives helps to collect honey without the risk of being stung.
  • A bee can fly over 12 hectares of land in a day.
  • There are about 100,000 pollen particles in a single bee honeycomb.
  • Each year more people die from bee stings than from poisonous snake stings.
  • The average lifespan of a queen bee is 4 to 5 years, while a normal worker bee lives only 30 to 60 days in the summer.
  • The bee can easily fly long distances and still always find its way home.
  • To inform other bees that there is a food source, the bee begins a special dance with circular flights around its axis.
  • Bees have many enemies and “freeloaders,” so the entrance to the hive is securely guarded by watchmen, ready to rush at any moment to an uninvited guest. Not a single bee can penetrate another hive. Each hive has a distinctive smell, undetectable by humans. Each bee keeps that scent in a special recess in its body. When it flies up to the entrance, it opens it and presents the scent to the guards as its passport.
  • Between 10,000 and 50,000 bees gather in a single bee colony.
  • The queen bee is busy laying eggs. Under the right conditions, she can lie over 1,000 eggs a day.
  • Bees do not gather honey for pleasure - they care about healthy offspring and feeding them. To feed a thousand larvae, the insects must collect 100 grams of honey, 50 grams of pollen and 30 grams of water.
  • Researchers have found that caffeine also improves bees’ memory. It is an advanced plant adaptation that encourages pollinators such as bees and butterflies to ensure repeat visits.
  • Bees see very poorly and are unable to distinguish objects farther than a meter and a half away.
  • During summer, the colony enlarges and breaks up into two or three swarms. The queen and worker bees leave the colony immediately, often landing on the nearest tree in search of a suitable place for a new colony. Two queens can’t live together - they will try to kill each other right away.
  • The maximum recorded record of honey production by a single bee colony from a honeybee hive during summer is almost 420 kg.
  • Bees are found on every continent except Antarctica.
  • The honeybee flaps its wings 200 times per second. It needs 11,400 strokes per minute to produce a characteristic buzzing sound. Dragonflies flap their wings at about the same speed.
  • Thanks to their keen sense of smell, bees can smell nectar up to a kilometer away.
  • A bee swarm consumes about 400-500 ml of water in a day.

  • On the island of Sri Lanka, bees are part of some national dishes.
  • If for any reason there is not enough honey to overwinter, the worker bees are the first to die, even before the food shortage begins. By sacrificing itself, the worker bee takes care of the queen and the preservation of the swarm.
  • A worker bee can fly away from the hive to 8 km and find its way back with no errors, but they rarely go over 2 km away.
  • On average, a worker bee visits about 7,000 flowers in a day.
  • Archaeologists have found that the ancient Egyptians were engaged in beekeeping about 5000 years ago.
  • When flying, the bee is capable of speeds up to 65 km/h.
  • In ancient Egypt, honey was used for embalming, and in ancient Greece - for the preservation of certain products.
  • One bee swarm collects about 50 kg of pollen per season.
  • Hornets sometimes attack beehives, but the swarm can always fend for itself.

Teg:   bee  honey  hive