Interesting facts about dragonflies

Posted on Mar 15, 2022      48

These amazing and so interesting creatures, dragonflies, are quite unlike other inhabitants of our planet. They appeared on Earth in times immemorial, but evolution considered them well enough adapted for life, so they have changed little in the intervening eras. Resembling small helicopters, they are found in a wide variety of countries and climates, except maybe in freezing climates.

Dragonfly Facts

  • Of all the predators on Earth, they are probably the most efficient. Dragonflies feed on other tiny insects, and about 95% of all their attacks are successful.
  • There are over 6650 species of these insects in the world. And every year over 20 new species are discovered.
  • Dragonflies are found everywhere, on most islands and all continents except Antarctica.
  • Dragonfly larvae live in water. They turn into fliers only when they become adults and make their way to land, growing wings.
  • Their jaws are incredibly sharp and literally tear the prey apart with their help. But they cannot bite a human, except for some especially large species.
  • These amazing insects always have 4 wings, and each of them can move independently from the rest.

  • Dragonflies are unique in that they can fly both forward and backward, and even sideways. Just like real helicopters.
  • Among all insects, the dragonfly called the red wading dragonfly has the first place in distance covered during its migration. Sometimes it flies a distance of over 6,500 kilometers, which is more than the distance covered by many migratory birds.
  • Dragonfly eyes comprise nearly 30,000 elements. They provide it with an almost 360 degree view.
  • Dragonflies see the world in very different colors than humans or most animals.
  • The larvae of most dragonfly species live in the water for up to 2 years before making their way to land.
  • If there is not enough food in the water, dragonfly larvae quickly become cannibals, eating each other.
  • This insect molts up to 17 times in turning a larva into an imago and an imago into a dragonfly.
  • Dragonflies are among the few insects whose larvae can successfully survive not only in fresh water but also in salt water.
  • In 2009, the world’s first dragonfly sanctuary was established in Great Britain.

  • Having caught their prey, dragonflies usually instantly eat it right on the fly.
  • These insects benefit by actively reducing the population of mosquitoes.
  • Dragonflies spend their entire life in the air, in flight. They rarely land anywhere.
  • The female dragonfly lays eggs on the leaves of aquatic plants. After hatching, the larvae fall into the water.
  • Some dragonfly species live only 3-4 weeks in this phase.
  • In Japan, the dragonfly is a symbol of courage and fearlessness.
  • The upper facets of dragonfly eyes see the world in the black and white spectrum, while the lower facets distinguish colors.
  • The unique structure of dragonfly eyes allows them to be clearly fixed on a particular prey, even if it is one fly in the entire flock.
  • Dragonflies fly quick and swiftly, making only about 30 flaps per second. Bees, by comparison, flap their wings seven to eight times faster.
  • Besides the usual colors, dragonflies also see in the ultraviolet spectrum.