Interesting facts about giraffes


Posted on May 7, 2022      25


Who doesn’t wonder about giraffes? These interesting animals are so different from all the other inhabitants of our planet that they invariably grab your attention when you see them. Because of the quirks of evolution, they are so strange that they can exist in the wild only under certain conditions. However, in the national parks of African countries, giraffes feel quite at ease.

Facts about giraffes

  • Of all the land dwellers on Earth, they are the tallest. They can be up to 18-19 ft tall.
  • The neck of a giraffe has only 7 vertebrae, even though it accounts for up to 30-35% of the giraffe’s height.
  • An adult giraffe can weigh over a ton.
  • The giraffe’s heart, which weighs up to 22-26 lb, pumps about one liter of blood a second and creates three times more pressure in the bloodstream than in humans. This is necessary to supply blood to the brain, which is so high up.
  • These amazing creatures can stick their tongues out of their mouths for almost half a meter.
  • The long neck accounts for up to 20-25% of the giraffe’s total weight, i.e. up to 440-661 pounds.
  • The pattern of spots on a giraffe’s skin is as individual as the fingerprints of a human or the stripes of a tiger.
  • And their eyesight, smell and hearing are very well developed. This helps them to detect danger in advance.

  • Giraffes can jump over chief obstacles. The official record is 6,06 ft.
  • In search of food, they are constantly wandering, on average, dwelling in an area of 50-100 square kilometers.
  • Since most of the moisture they need, giraffes get with the vegetation they eat, they can not drink water for up to 10-15 days without significant harm to the body.
  • Acacia trees are particularly favored by giraffes. They gladly include leaves of these trees on their menu.
  • At short distances, giraffes can speed up to 55 km / h, overtaking any racehorse.
  • To drink from a body of water, giraffes have to kneel or go chest-deep into the water, otherwise they just can’t reach it.
  • Fossil remains of giraffes show that in ancient times their necks were not so long. However, a long neck helped them to get their food more efficiently, and this parameter also plays its role when choosing a male.
  • Because of considerable body weight in combination with thin legs and not so large hooves, giraffes cannot move on unsteady surfaces like swamps or deserts.
  • They can easily spot their congeners up to 3280,84 ftaway.
  • The blood of giraffes is very thick. This is a kind of natural precaution, because if it were liquid, as in other mammals, a sudden raise or lowering of the head could be fatal for them.

  • In Latin, this animal is called a “leopard-camel,” since ancient Roman scholars decided giraffes resemble both.
  • Giraffes can both whistle and roar like predators and moo like cows.
  • Newborn baby giraffes fall to the ground from a height of two meters.
  • These creatures sleep standing up, not lying down. And they sleep often, but in bouts of 5-10 minutes, never staying asleep for long.
  • They devote all their time to search for food, when they don’t sleep, up to 20 hours a day, and even more.
  • Giraffes have an impressive length not only in the neck but also in the tail, which can grow to 6,56-8.20 ft.
  • Most predators do not risk to hunt giraffes, because they can seriously injure them with their powerful hooves. Lions, however, sometimes attack them.
  • Their newborn cubs walk on their own after an hour or an hour and a half of birth.
  • Giraffes can clean their own ears with their own long tongue.
  • In the wild, they live 20-25 years, but in captivity they may live much longer.
  • The giraffe’s extremely tough skin cannot be pierced with an ordinary syringe to give it a shot, so veterinarians use special injection guns that shoot ampoules with dominant force.
  • Pregnancy in female giraffes lasts about 14 months, one and a half times longer than in humans.

Teg:   giraffe  meter 
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