Interesting facts about guinea pigs


Posted on Dec 30, 2021      17


Among other pets, it is impossible not to mention guinea pigs, which are loved by people in many countries. Smart, cute, fluffy, always attached to caring owners, they leave few people indifferent. Here, the contribution of guinea pigs in the development of modern civilization can not be underestimated, because they are widely used as laboratory animals, and thanks to them, we have a lot of modern drugs and medicines.

Guinea Pig Facts

  • The longest-haired among them are the Peruvian ones. Their fur can reach up to half a meter.
  • While most rodents can not distinguish between colors, guinea pigs see the world in color. However, still not.
  • Contrary to its name, guinea pigs dislike water, and never bathe.
  • They are not at all adapted to jumping, and a fall from even a small height can seriously harm them.
  • Guinea pigs are native to South America.
  • Guinea pigs are more awake than most other mammals. During the day, they go to sleep a few times for 10-15 minutes, but that is usually all it takes.
  • Once pregnant, a female guinea pig can end or suspend a pregnancy with no consequences for her body.
  • Guinea pig DNA has 18 more chromosomes than human DNA.

  • The official record of longevity among these animals is 15 years.
  • Jumping on the spot in guinea pigs expresses joy.
  • Like other rodents, such as rats, guinea pigs’ teeth grow throughout their lives. That’s why they need to chew on hard objects or hard food all the time in order to grind them down.
  • Sexual maturity in these animals comes as early as about 5 weeks after birth.
  • They have four toes on their front legs and only three on their back legs.
  • Guinea pigs have an average life span of about 5 years, and sometimes more.
  • These rodents are fairly silent, but males sometimes chirp like birds. Similar sounds are made by pregnant females.
  • Guinea pigs remember their owners not only by smell but also by their faces.
  • If you pet them, they sometimes purr like cats.

  • Guinea pigs have a high body temperature, so they can easily overheat in the heat and get heat stroke.
  • These rodents must eat their droppings to be healthy-they can only absorb vitamins K and B during the second passage of foods containing them through the digestive tract.
  • The penicillin in mold is a deadly poison to guinea pigs.
  • Guinea pigs have to eat constantly and in small portions because of the special structure of the digestive system.
  • Large guinea pigs can weigh up to 1.5 kilograms.
  • In some South American countries, guinea pigs are considered a delicious delicacy. For example, in Ecuador.
  • In the long-vanished Mochica culture, guinea pigs were divine animals.
  • In the wild, guinea pigs live in social groups called colonies. They do not survive alone.
  • There are 258 bones in a guinea pig’s body. By comparison, humans have 206.
  • The first people to domesticate guinea pigs for agricultural purposes were the Incas, and it was about 7,000 years ago.
  • Despite its name, guinea pigs are not biologically related to pigs.
  • Guinea pigs were brought to Europe by an expedition of Columbus.
  • Guinea pigs sleep a little, but they are still less mobile and active at night than during the day.
  • Guinea pigs like to groom each other and themselves. They are always immaculate and clean.
  • Baby guinea pigs are born already covered with fur, and with open eyes.
  • The Chinese name for these animals translates to “mouse-pig”.
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