Posted on May 10, 2021 159
I can't imagine the existence of the modern world without oil, which is called the black gold for a reason. Since humanity has learned how to extract it and refine it, turning it into energy efficient fuel, technology has made a huge step forward. However, the burning of petroleum products seriously pollutes the atmosphere of our planet, in addition, oil deposits are not infinite, so that eventually we will have to find alternative sources of energy. The sooner we do, the better.
Facts about oil
- It is believed that humanity has been actively using oil in its needs for over 6,000 years. The ancient Babylonians used the petroleum substance bitumen to build buildings and to coat the surfaces of boats and ships.
- The Chinese, who were the first to drill an oil well in the 3rd century A.D., called the find “shi yow” - “mountain oil” - under their poetic mentality. By the way, in the 21st century, they continue to call oil the same way.
- Not only gasoline and kerosene but also DVDs and CDs, telephones and computers, tanks and airplanes, lipstick and toilet water, toothpaste and washing powder, antiseptics and medicines and much more are made from oil.
- There are interesting theories to explain the origin of oil. The most popular of them claims that oil was formed over tens of millions of years from the remains of living organisms that once inhabited our planet.
- The five states of the Persian Gulf have the largest known oil reserves today. They account for about 70% of all discovered deposits.
- The chemical composition of oil is very similar to that of hard coal, with carbon being the main constituent.
- Strictly , even though oil is liquid, it is still a mineral.
- The most common oil color is black, but occasionally emerald green and even colorless oil can be found.
- According to scientists, the starting material for the formation of oil was the microorganisms inhabiting the coastal sea waters, mainly phytoplankton, which account for about 90% of the total mass eventually turned into oil.
- There are no oil lakes in the bowels of the earth. The Earth’s crust is composed of rocks of different mineral composition and density. Rocks with a relatively low density that can hold a mobile substance, such as oil or gas, are called reservoirs. Such reservoir rocks, impregnated with oil, form oil fields.
- Oil is at depths of tens of meters to 5-6 kilometers. The maximum number of oil deposits is found at a depth of 1-3 kilometers.
- At the dawn of the oil industry, kerosene was the target product of oil refining. This was even before passenger cars became a popular and widespread means of transportation. Gasoline, then a byproduct of distilling oil into kerosene, had little demand. It was a very cheap product that was used to cure lice or as a solvent to clean grease stains from fabric. In fact, gasoline was so cheap that many oil companies simply dumped it in the river.
- Because of the increased demand, whale hunting led to the near extinction of these animals by the middle of the 19th century. But thanks to the cheaper kerosene produced by distilling oil and the discovery of its safe use as a light source, the demand for whale oil declined dramatically. Thus, oil saved the whales.
- In the Azerbaijani city of Naftalan, some clinics offer oil baths. They are said to help with arthritis.
- A jump in the price of oil inevitably leads to an increase in the price of consumer goods, too, because oil-based fuel directly affects the cost of their transportation.
- The most popular material for candles nowadays, paraffin, is the product of oil distillation.
- The world’s peak oil production has already been passed in the 21st century, and now the level of production will only decrease.
- Humankind spends about as much oil per day as nature has created in 1500 years.
- The cost of producing 1 barrel of oil in Saudi Arabia is about $2.
- 4 drops of oil is enough to ruin 100 liters of clean drinking water.
- Solar panels that store the energy of our sun, so beloved by supporters of environmentally friendly technology, are made using petroleum resins.
- In ancient Egypt oil was used in the process of embalming the dead.
- An oil barrel is exactly equal to 158.987 liters or 42 gallons. It is the world’s fundamental unit of measurement for petroleum today.
- In the process of oil refining, many products are got, where the main ones are: plastics, gasoline, asphalt, fuel oil, kerosene, paraffin, tar and diesel fuel.
- The first oil rig was created by the Chinese back in the 4th century AD. Instead of a modern auger, the Chinese used bamboo trunks through which oil came out under pressure.
- An oil spill is a real ecological disaster and a threat to animals. The fact is that when oil gets on the feathers of birds or the fur of mammals; it creates a film that prevents air from being trapped between the feathers or hairs of the animals. Deprived of insulation, animals die of hypothermia. It is believed that if an animal’s body is half-covered in oil, it cannot be saved.