Interesting facts about orchids


Posted on Mar 9, 2022      141


The delicate flowers of orchids are common in tropical climates, and they mostly prefer humid places. However, there are many species of orchids around the world, and they differ greatly from each other, often so different that I can't believe that they belong to the same family. Some of them have successfully adapted to coexist with other plants and trees, practically parasitizing on them, while others stubbornly continue to survive on their own. Many of the most expensive flowers in the world belong to the orchid.

Orchid Facts

  • There are currently over 25,000 known species of orchids, and scientists find more and more new species from time to time.
  • Orchids, unlike most flowers, do not cause allergies. The scent of orchids is quite varied, ranging from delicate aromas with hints of honey and vanilla to the smell of rotten meat.
  • Some orchids grow upright on trees, others grow on cliffs, taking root in cracks between rocks, and some orchids live underground - they are pollinated not by bees but by underground animals.
  • Some orchid species that need pollination by bees and flies have adapted to mimic almost exact copies of the females of these insects, as well as to emit scents that attract males.

  • Orchids are one of the oldest plant families that originated on the planet about 145 million years ago.
  • Orchids are amazingly diverse and grow all over the Earth, except for Antarctica.
  • Some orchid species are predators and feed on tiny insects.
  • The smallest flower is found in the orchid species Platystele jungermannoides - about 1 mm in diameter.
  • Natural vanilla, which is one of the most expensive and sought-after spices in the world, is actually the pods of a species of orchid.
  • Some of the orchid species live up to 90-100 years or even more.
  • The pollen of an ancient orchid was once found on a bee encased in amber, which is about 15 million years old.
  • The body of the largest orchid can reach 35 meters.
  • Orchids belong to the largest family of flowering plants.
  • Orchids are also widely used in traditional oriental medicine, perfumery, and spice preparation.
  • The famous scientist Charles Darwin devoted a book to the pollination of orchids, with lots of examples and details about the flowers that fascinated him.
  • Up to 4,000,000 seeds can arise within a single orchid, making these plant’s leaders among flowers in seed production.
  • Cut orchid sprouts stay fresh in a vase longer than any other flowers.

  • The most expensive Kinabalu Gold orchids on Earth do not bloom for the first time until they are 15 years old. Because of their rarity and uniqueness, the shoots of these orchids cost up to $5,000. This flower grows in Malaysia.
  • The orchid is considered a noble flower, and this flower has been revered in many world cultures. In ancient China, for example, the word “orchid” meant reverence and good quality.
  • Alaska, oddly enough, has more orchid species than any other American state.
  • The scent of some species of orchids is incredibly pleasant, while the flowers of other species can stink eerily, like rotten meat.
  • On average, about 250 new orchid species are discovered or bred each year by breeders.
  • Orchids are unusually hardy plants, found even in the tundra, on steep cliffs, underground, in the desert, in the mountains, and even on the top branches of trees.
  • It is believed that the richest collection of orchids in the world can be seen in the park, created for these flowers in Singapore - it grows about 60 thousand different plants of this family.
  • Salep is a very popular drink in some Eastern countries. It is made from the tubers of a certain species of orchids.
  • Throughout the history of the study of these flowers, breeders and botanists have bred about 250,000 of their species, but now there are ten times fewer, as the vast majority of hybrids remain uncultivated.
  • London has the famous Kew Botanical Garden, notable because they have a vast collection of orchids, and the age of some of these flowers has already exceeded a hundred years.
  • If you count all the flowers on Earth, it turns out that orchids account for about 10% of their total number, counting artificially bred species.
  • The flowers of some orchid species look like bees, others look like flies, and there are some that look very much like the figure of a naked man.
  • Orchid seeds are the smallest of all seeds in the world.

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