Posted on Jul 16, 2021 104
A soccer field can have original sizes. For example, for backyard soccer, a few dozens of square meters will do. But for official matches, there are certain standards. The length of the field should be from 90 to 120 meters and its width from 45 to 90. FIFA strives for the fields for international matches to have a length of 105 meters and a width of 68 meters.
Until the beginning of the twentieth century, the soccer field markings were quite loose. The British corrected this misunderstanding in 1902. In the soccer rules code, there were clear definitions of the length and width of the field, the size of goalkeeper and penalty area. Also mandatory was the center line, dividing the field into two equal halves. Since then, these rules have been made only minor changes.
For a further ten years, until 1912, soccer goalkeepers enjoyed great freedom: they could play with their hands on their entire half of the field. Some goalkeepers even tried to throw the ball into the opponent’s goal from the center line. However, in 1912, their freedom was severely restricted, now allowed to play with his hands only in his own penalty area and outside it the goalkeeper became an ordinary field player and can hit the ball only with his feet and head.
Many fans wonder why modern stadiums have striped turf. It is believed that with such a marking, it is easier to determine the offside position, as well as to set the wall at a penalty kick. But skeptics say the “stripes” are clearly visible only from the stands while the referee is on the pitch. The stripes are marked simply the grass is mowed with a lawnmower in opposite directions.
Currently, handball is played in halls, and each team has 7 players. But, not so long ago was a popular “big handball”, where the field went to 11 athletes, and the matches were held on the soccer fields. Sometimes this led to amusing situations. In 1959, the management of the stadium in the German city of Gelsenkirchen was careless when they scheduled two matches at the same time - a soccer match and a handball match. The disciplined players arrived on time, and none of them were going to give up their spot. As a result, both games were played simultaneously in different halves of the field.
A variety of grasses are used for soccer fields: meadow fescue and red fescue, meadow bluegrass and others. The fundamental requirement for them: durability and the ability to withstand weather changes. And in 1965, scientists from the state of Texas invented artificial grass for sports fields. Within a few years, it has found widespread use in many countries around the world. Artificial turf is more durable, it does not need to be watered and mowed.
Now referees use a special spray that marks the point of the sword in a standard position and the place where the wall should be set. In just a minute, the spray disappears without damaging the lawn in any way. Brazilian Heine Allemagne invented this spray in 2000. Already after a novelty was used in international matches. A few years ago Allemagne said he would like to receive a solid reward from FIFA for the use of his “brainchild. And he named the amount of 35 million dollars. But soccer officials are in no hurry to pay up, arguing that the Brazilian has not provided documents proving his copyright.
Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory, has an area of only 6.5 square kilometers. It has its own soccer championship. Except that the place for the field was difficult to find. Victoria Stadium, built back in 1926, is next to an airfield runway. The cries of the fans are often drowned out by the roar of the planes.
Taking care of the lawn on a soccer field is an art form. The fields are prepared for matches by people whose profession is called “greenskeeper”. Literally translated from English, it means “grass keeper”. There are special courses for greenskeeper training. These people do their job inconspicuously, but it is on them largely depends on them result of each match.