Interesting facts about the Himalayas

Posted on Sep 18, 2021      50

The Himalayas is the highest mountain system on our planet, which stretches across the territory of several states: India, Pakistan, Nepal, the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, Bhutan, Pakistan and Myanmar. In addition, in the foothills of the Himalayas is the northern part of the state of Bangladesh. In this mountain system, there are 10 peaks, the height of which exceeds 8,000 meters above sea level. Interestingly, the Himalayas were known to the ancient Greeks, who called them Imaus.

In the Himalayas is the highest peak on Earth - Everest, whose height is 8,848 meters. But the Annapurna massif is much lower, at 8,091 meters, but it is Annapurna that is considered by climbers to be the most dangerous. According to statistics, every third brave person who ventured to storm this peak, dies. But, it was Annapurna was the first eight-thousand-peak that people have been able to conquer. June 3, 1950 Annapurna was climbed by French climbers.

The Himalayas occupy a vast territory with a total area of 1,089,133 square kilometers. In such an area could accommodate such a state as Egypt. And Egypt, by the way, is one of the thirty largest countries in the world.

Despite the vast area, the population is small. Small settlements are located in the mountain valleys, located up to 4,000 meters above sea level. The chief occupation of the inhabitants of the Himalayas is farming and cattle breeding. And the medicinal herbs that grow in the foothills are considered the purest.

Sherpas, the people who live in the high mountainous regions of Nepal and India, are well adapted to the local hard conditions. They feel perfectly well even at an altitude of 5,000 meters, where many experienced climbers suffer from an acute shortage of oxygen. That is why Sherpas are good guides and porters in mountaineering expeditions. For example, Sherpa Appa Tenzing has climbed Everest 21 times, a feat no one else has ever achieved.

The legendary Italian mountaineer Reinhold Messner was the first climber in the world who climbed all 14 peaks above 8,000 meters above sea level. This list includes all the eight-thousandth peaks in the Himalayas. In 2009, Messner was awarded the Golden Ice Pick, the most prestigious mountaineering honor in the world.

Expeditions were repeatedly sent to the Himalayas in an attempt to find the “Bigfoot”. Even in the XIX century, it was mentioned in the reports of British officials working in the mountainous regions of India and Nepal. And in the twentieth century about meetings with this mysterious creature repeatedly reported climbers who stormed the Himalayan peaks. Sometimes even made pictures, the quality of which was not high. So far, no one has provided tangible evidence of the existence of Bigfoot in the Himalayas.

At an altitude of over 4,500 meters, the snow never melts. And in terms of the total amount of eternal snow, the Himalayas rank third on the planet. Only Antarctica and the Arctic have more of them. The word Himal, which gave its name to the entire mountain system, means “snowy mountain” or “abode of snows” in Nepali. There are about 15,000 glaciers in the Himalayas. Major rivers such as Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra originate from here.

The development of tourism brings considerable income to the budget of the states on whose territory the Himalayas are located. But it is extremely detrimental to the environment. Many expeditions, going to the mountains, leave behind an enormous amount of garbage. It is very difficult to collect.

At the summit of Mount Everest, the average January temperature is minus 36 degrees, and during strong winds, which are a common phenomenon here, the thermometer table goes down and minus 60. In summer the temperature is more favorable, sometimes the air even “warms up” to minus 19 degrees Celsius.

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