Posted on Feb 14, 2021 160
The Titanic disaster was the most famous shipwreck in world history. And although its causes have been more or less reliably established, there are still several theories claiming that the giant cruise liner sank not because of a collision with an iceberg. Alas, the ship’s hulk lies deep below the sea floor, and studying it is no simple task.
Facts about the Titanic wreck
1. Between 1985 and 2010, 17 expeditions were made to the Titanic wreck and over five thousand objects were recovered - from passengers’ belongings to a 17-ton hunk of liner.
2. There were various projects to raise the wreck to the surface, but all of them were eventually abandoned.
3. The Titanic’s maiden voyage turned out to be its only and last.
4. For decades, the liner was thought to have sunk as a whole, but later investigations showed that it had split in two. Its bow and stern lay 600 meters apart at the bottom.
5. The most likely reason why the iceberg that sent the Titanic to the bottom was not spotted in time is thought to be that the block of ice was upside down. As the underwater part of the iceberg melts, it shrinks, and eventually the giant chunk of ice can flip “upside down.” In doing so, the darker (and therefore less visible) underwater part ends up on top.
6. The Titanic did not have such a simple and necessary thing as binoculars. The captain fired his second mate Blair, who in retaliation took with him the keys to the safe where the binoculars for the forward lookouts were kept. According to another version, Blair simply forgot to hand over the key. In 2007, the key was sold at an auction for an enormous sum of money.
7. It was after the Titanic disaster that several countries worked together to create a service to track all large icebergs. Since then, for more than a century, there have been no more serious ship collisions with them.
8. Scientists have established that rust and marine microorganisms will destroy the sunken hulk of the Titanic by the end of the twenty-first century. Only the anchors and some other massive elements made of steel would survive.
9. Director James Cameron, who made the world-famous film about the shipwreck, dived to the wreck of the Titanic several times in a bathyscaphe.
10. In 1898, writer Morgan Robertson wrote a book called “Futility, or the Wreck of the Titan”. It told the story of the Titan, on her maiden voyage across the Atlantic, which collided with an iceberg and sank. The liner did not have enough lifeboats, but it was described as “unsinkable” because it was the largest ship of its time. This story was written 14 years before the Titanic shipwreck.
11. The first movie about the Titanic was made less than a month after the disaster and starred a shipwreck survivor actress.
12. It took 23 tons of grease, locomotive oil, and liquid soap to lubricate the gangway rails.
13. There were 12 dogs aboard the ship, of which three survived.
14. After the Titanic’s collision with the iceberg, the deck of the ship was covered with snow and ice flakes, which many passengers perceived as an unexpected trick and played soccer with ice pieces, not even being aware of the nightmare that had occurred.
15. The Titanic’s wreck was not discovered until 73 years after the shipwreck.
16. Three million rivets were used to build the Titanic, most of which were handmade.
17. A first-class ticket cost about $100,000 by today’s reckoning, so the upper deck was sailed by the truly wealthy, and the richest among them was John Jacob Astor IV, whose fortune was estimated at $85 million. In this century, Astor would have been considered a billionaire.
18. The ship was equipped with only 20 lifeboats with a total capacity of 1,178 people, which was enough for less than half the passengers. And there was a crew... All because the ship was unsinkable, and they saved on lifeboats.
19. According to statistics, 74% of women and 20% of men survived the sinking of Titanic.
20. News about the actual situation of survivors and dead passengers remained a mystery to the rest of the world for several days, and the first newspapers reported that all passengers and crew members survived the Titanic wreck.
21. The shipwreck happened on April 14, 1912. The events have been recreated to detail. Since early morning, the crews of the other liners had sent word ten times that icebergs were close by, but the Titanic ignored the warnings. The 22. Titanic received the last report 40 minutes before the collision, but its radio operator didn’t even listen to it and cut off communication.
23. There was a catastrophic shortage of boats after the wreck, but still some of them, due to panic, departed only half-full.
24. The Titanic was built at a cost of $7.5 million (a monstrous sum by the standards of those years) and took three years to complete.
25. At the time of construction, the Titanic was the largest passenger ship in the world, 268 meters long and weighing 46,328 tons when fully loaded.
26. The liner was sinking to music. An orchestra stood on the deck until the last minute and played the church hymn to cheer the people around.
27. The Russian submersibles “Mir” dived to the ship in 1991 and 1995. The Titanic lies at a depth of about 3.8 km.
28. Titanic’s halo monas - a new metal-eating bacteria, named after the ship lying at the bottom, whose metal is slowly being destroyed by these very bacteria (interesting facts about bacteria).
29. Ironically, on April 14, the day when the Titanic collided with the iceberg, there was scheduled an exercise in urgent evacuation by lifeboat. For reasons unknown, the exercise was canceled by Captain Smith, who rescheduled it for the next day.
30. None of the ship’s 30 mechanics survived. They remained in the engine room and kept the steam engines running as long as possible so that the other passengers could escape.
31. “Titanic could stay afloat with four internal compartments flooded in a row, but on the fateful night six of them were damaged.
32. Apart from the Titanic, no liner in history has ever been sunk by an iceberg.
33. UNESCO waited a hundred years to declare the Titanic wreck a cultural heritage site, for such cases the organization has a special convention.
34. Officially, it is believed that 1,513 people died in the Titanic wreck.
35. The ship was equipped with 29 steam boilers, which consumed 825 tons of coal a day.
36. Of Titanic’s four chimneys, only three were working as intended. A fourth was added for symmetry and aesthetics, and it served as a ventilation duct.