Posted on Jul 19, 2021 84
Eritrea is one of the youngest states on our planet. This country gained independence from Ethiopia just over a quarter of a century ago - May 24, 1993. Eritrea is in eastern Africa on the shores of the Red Sea. The territory of the state is 117,000 square kilometers, and the population is about 6 million people. In 1993, the country held a referendum in which over 90 percent of citizens voted for an independent state.
According to the global index of press freedom, Eritrea ranks last in the world on this indicator. Even the media in North Korea has more freedom. All media outlets are controlled by the state; there are no private radio or TV stations. Considering that relations with neighboring Ethiopia are far from ideal, military service is compulsory not only for boys but also for girls. Evaders are castigated.
Despite the difficult economic and political situation in the country, Eritrea is one of the safest countries for tourists on the entire continent. The primary attention of visitors enjoys the capital - Asmara. But it is quite difficult to move freely outside the country, for this requires a special permit.
The basis of economy of Eritrea is an agriculture which employs about 80 percent of able-bodied people. The country lacks fertile soil because of erosion. Bananas, corn, potatoes, and wheat are grown. In coastal areas, fishing is developed. Most of the food has to be bought abroad.
Since 2000, Eritrean athletes have regularly taken part in the Summer Olympic Games. In 2004, Eritrea’s track and field athlete, Zersenay Tadese, won the bronze medal in the 10,000-meter run at the Olympics in Athens. Athletes from this African country even have a little experience in the Winter Olympics, in 2018 skier Shannon-Ogbani Abeda performed in Pyeongchang, Korea. And placed 61st in the giant slalom.
The real headache for the Eritrean government is the national soccer team. Once abroad, many players are in no hurry to return. For example, in 2009, 12 players escaped during a competition in Kenya. Such mass escapes have since become commonplace. Despite this, the country’s soccer association continues to recruit players for the Eritrean national team.
Until 1997, Eritrea’s currency was the Ethiopian Birr, which has since been replaced by a new currency called the Nakfa. It got its name from a small town, Nakfa, with a population of several thousand people. It was this city was the center of the struggle for Eritrean independence in the early nineties of the last century. Coins are made of stainless steel.
Eritrea is one of the few countries on our planet without an official language. One of the most widespread languages in the state's territory is Tigrinya, which is spoken by the Tigray people. Arabic, Italian and English are also widely spoken.
One of the chief dangers of the country - volcanoes. There are several of them. One of the most active is Dubby. It has been peacefully “dormant” since 1861, but a few years ago, loudly reminded of himself again. In 2011, there was a powerful eruption, which was accompanied by tremors. Volcanic ash rose to a height of 13 kilometers.
The attraction of Cairn, the third largest city in the country, is an ancient baobab that grows near the local market. According to local legends, it is a symbol of prosperity. The inhabitants of Cairns believe in the omen - if under this baobab a woman serves a man a cup of coffee, they will both be rich and wise.
Primary education is compulsory in the country for children from 7 to 13 years old. In public schools, education is free. Despite this, the country’s literacy rate is low for the 21st century. According to official data, about 70 percent of men and less than 50 percent of women can read and write. Higher education is available at the university, which is in the capital of Eritrea.