Posted on Mar 13, 2022 320
Natural wool is one of the most popular materials for making textile products. It perfectly keeps heat and is highly wear-resistant, although, of course, here it all depends on its particular kind. Humanity has been making woolen clothes for many thousands of years, and even now, with many synthetic materials, it has not lost relevance.
Facts about wool
- The world’s production of wool amounts to 2 million tons a year.
- Merino wool is the most expensive of all. For example, in 2004, about 100 kilograms of top-class raw material was sold at auction by one of the fashion houses for 420,000 dollars.
- The leader in the production of wool is China, which manufactures 400 tons of raw material a year. The second place belongs to Australia - over 360 thousand tons. At the bottom of the three leaders is New Zealand with an index of about 165 tons.
- 10 kilograms of sheep's wool can produce a yarn with a length of about 6,000 kilometers.
- Wool breeds account for 90 percent of the world’s sheep population.
- Some types of wool the most expensive and highest quality are several times softer than silk and more elastic than cotton.
- The Australian merino sheep, the Pippin, are sheared up to 15 to 18 kilograms of wool annually.
- Merino wool is one of the few natural materials which qualities scientists still cannot reproduce using synthetic analogues.
- Retail sales of consumer products containing wool amount to $80,000,000,000 U.S. dollars a year.
- Sheep’s wool is a flame-retardant material. That’s why merino wool is included in professional fire-resistant clothing.
- The warmest socks are wool socks.
- Camel wool is unique because it does not accumulate static electricity.
- The most ancient type of wool products are felt. Historians believe primitive people learned to make it about 8000 years ago.
- The oldest woolen clothing ever discovered by archaeologists is 3,500 years old. It was found in Denmark.
- The thinnest wool is less than 16 micrometers thick.
- Natural wool because of the special scale structure of the fibers can repel dirt and stay clean for a long time.
- Each single wool fiber can be bent about 20.000 times without losing its flexibility and without damaging its structure.
- Contrary to popular belief, it is not the moths themselves that eat woolen clothing, but their larvae.
- It is from the wool was made the most ancient found soft toy. It was a woolen bear cub, made by an unknown artisan about 4,600 years ago.