Posted on Sep 26, 2021 25
Since ancient times, this mysterious country has surprised the world with scientific discoveries, magnificent works of art, fine and original architecture. Today China is the leader of world economy and for many years keeps the world leader in population size. Let’s set off on a journey across the immense expanses of the amazing Asian country and visit the largest cities in China, the population of which exceeds 7 million people. Here are the 11 largest Chinese cities.
11. Hong Kong (8 million)
The world’s biggest financial center, Hong Kong, stands alone among Chinese cities as a separate administrative region with wide autonomy.
It came under Chinese jurisdiction relatively recently in 1997. For a long time, the British owned these territories, and during World War II, Hong Kong was occupied by the Japanese. The population of the agglomeration is constantly growing and today there are about 8 million residents.
Despite its subordination to the PRC authorities, Hong Kong has its own currency and has a national government.
10. Nanjing (8.51 million)
Let’s start our journey from the former capital of China, whose name literally translates as “Southern Capital”. Legend has it that Nanjing was founded in 472 BC and was renamed several times throughout its history.
Heavy engineering and metallurgy are well developed in the city, but in recent years, the textile and food industries have developed. In addition, it is the most important transportation hub in Southeast Asia.
There are many magnificent and unique sculptural compositions near Nanjing, which were installed at the tombs of emperors.
9. Taipei (10 million)
The city of Taipei, whose population is approaching 10 million, has a glorious history and plays an important role in the Republic's development of China. Formally, the Republic of China does not belong to China, but the ties between these countries are so close that soon, according to thebiggest editorial board, China and Taiwan will be in one state.
In 2003, one of the tallest buildings on the planet, the Taipei 101 skyscraper, was erected here. Among other places of interest is the memorial to Chiang Kai-shek, a prominent political figure.
In the city in the XVIII-XIX centuries built beautiful Buddhist and Taoist temples, the oldest of which, Lunshan, built in 1738. The temple is a classic example of Eastern architecture with elements of Southern Chinese influence.
8. Hangzhou (10.4 million )
Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang Province of China, has 10.4 million inhabitants. In the pre-Mongol period of history, the city was called Lin’an and was the capital of the Song dynasty.
In the Yangtze River delta, it is currently the most prosperous city in China. Industry is represented by almost all sectors, from large-scale machinery to light textile production.
For thousands of years, residents have preserved the historical legacy of previous generations, and thousands of tourists from all over the world come to admire the parks and sights of Hangzhou.
7. Dongguan (11.5 million )
An important industrial and commercial center of PRC’s economy nestled amongst the scenic landscapes of the Pearl River Delta. The population exceeds 11.5 million, but many of them are not residents of the city, but have come to work in factories and plants.
Dongguan has made a big breakthrough in economic development in recent decades, refocusing the economy on computer manufacturing.
On the territory of the city there is a magnificent and popular among Buddhists sanctuary of Guanyin, revered by all denominations of the country. Pilgrims from other Asian countries also come here to worship the sculptures of deities.
6. Shenzhen (12,59 million)
As you can already notice, the major cities of China, as well as other settlements, have romantic and poetic names. Shenzhen, for example, is translated from the Chinese language as “blue border”.
Chinese colonists settled in the valley, where there is now a megalopolis, in the III century BC, although the status of urban settlement, he received only the beginning of the XVI century.
The population is quite mixed in national composition of just over 12 million people. But foreigners live in almost 450 thousand. But the sharp increase in population began in 1980, and is associated with the construction of the Shenzhen free economic zone.
5. Chengdu (16,33 million)
In the beautiful valley of the Minjiang River stretches neighborhoods and counties of the city of Chengdu, whose population is 16.3 million people.
Among the largest cities in the Republic of China, it is the only one located in arid and mountainous western China. The population was concentrated here because of the nearby Sichuan reservoir.
4. Guangzhou (15.31 million )
Guanzhou has other names, such as Huacheng “city of flowers,” or Wuyancheng “city of five rams”. The latter comes from a legend according to which the people of the region were saved from starvation by gods who came riding on five rams.
At one time, a large urban settlement sprang up around the port, which sprang up here over 2,000 years ago. Among the sights, the 610-meter-high hyperboloid TV tower is the pride of the Guanzhong people.
This major industrial and cultural center of China is home to 15.3 million people (as of 2019) and is located in a subtropical climate, so there are always lots of flowers.
3. tianjin (15.6 million )
One of China’s most beautiful megacities stretches along the Bohai Gulf, and today it is home to 15.6 million people.
In ancient times, this part was sparsely populated, and the history of the city begins in the 12th century, when warehouses were built here. After the capital was transferred to Beijing, Tianjin received its present name in 1336, which literally translates to “guarding the heavenly ford” in Chinese.
Europeans visiting the city were amazed by the majestic temples and monumental walls, which reached 8 meters in height. Some of the towers of the defensive system have survived to this day.
2. Beijing (21.9 million)
The enormous size of Beijing and the population of 22 million people is due, above all, to the fact that it is the capital of China. The history of the “Northern Capital” began back in the first millennium BC, when the first settlements appeared on the site of the modern city.
On the territory of the capital of many attractions and cultural monuments, but because of severe air pollution, tourists are reluctant to visit the capital of China.
Interestingly enough, in 205, the government passed a law banning the sprawl of Beijing in all directions, but it still continues to expand.
1. Shanghai (27 million)
Shanghai with the population about 27 million people is the biggest city in China, but it is the second biggest after the capital. It is a vast metropolis located in the Yangtze River Delta, and is divided into two equal parts by the Huangpu River.
For the beauty and splendor of architectural structures, Europeans have often called it the “Paris of the East”, and here in the 20s of last century for the rampant crime, drug trafficking and prostitution, Shanghai was nicknamed the “whore of Asia”.
China’s largest metropolis is the leading industrial and banking center, and second only to Hong Kong in investment injections.
To wrap it up
Big cities of China, similar to each other, but each has its own zest that will set it apart from other megacities. Chinese people are very hardworking, carefully preserving their historical and cultural heritage. After all, it is not for nothing. Despite its isolation, in recent decades, China is taking the leading position in the world in the number of tourists visiting it.