Male pattern baldness: Causes and treatments

Posted on Nov 10, 2022      36

Unfortunately, with this problem, people rarely go to the doctor, trying to find a cure on their own. And in vain, since alopecia is a multifactorial disease that has several causes.

Alopecia, or baldness, is a disease that most often occurs in men. Unfortunately, with this problem, people rarely go to the doctor, trying to find a cure on their own. And in vain, since alopecia is a multifactorial disease that has several causes.

The major causes of alopecia

The emergence of alopecia can be caused by a variety of reasons. What are the most common factors that trigger hair loss? First, it is stress. And also:

- Long-term intoxication of the body, the effect of medications;

- Improper scalp care;

- Severe tightening of the hair (for example, from wearing tight headgear).

Types of alopecia

1. Androgenetic alopecia - progressive hair loss, which is caused by the action of sex hormones (androgens) on the hair follicles in those who have a hereditary predisposition. In this disease, increased sensitivity of frontoparietal follicles to testosterone is transmitted at the genetic level.

The first symptoms of such alopecia are the loss of hair in a certain area. Over time, the alopecia area increases, often forming a circle or oval shape. The hair that is closer to the focus of the disease becomes very thin and brittle. Later, new hair may grow in place of hair loss. However, after that, new baldness may occur.

If you do not seek medical help in time, you can even be left without eyebrows and eyelashes.

2. If alopecia begins not with the frontal part of the head, then the disease is most often caused by problems of the endocrine system (hypofunction of the thyroid gland or insufficiency of the adrenal glands).

To solve this problem, it is necessary to see an endocrinologist or trichologist (doctor of hair diseases).

3. Hair growth can also stop in the place of scarring of the skin, this is called scar alopecia.

It can be caused by various bacterial infections that cause an inflammatory reaction around the hair follicles, in place of which connective tissue forms. The most common infections are fungal infections and deep pus lesions on the scalp. It can also be caused by scalp trauma or scalp burns.

Such alopecia is very difficult to cure, as the scars unfortunately do not allow the hair to grow back.

4. There can also be congenital alopecia. This pathology is extremely rare and is usually combined with such defects as weak nails or dental dystrophy. At the heart of this disease is the complete or partial absence of hair follicles. It can be caused by impaired amino acid synthesis.

Treatment methods for alopecia

The way to treat alopecia depends on what alopecia (baldness) looks like, as well as on the individual characteristics of the body.

First, a trichogram is performed - an examination of the hair under a microscope. Specialists determine the ratio of the number of hairs and the phase of their growth. Then the patient has been prescribed a set of procedures, including the use of special drugs (medications) that can stop baldness and stabilize hair growth.

Effective procedures:

- therapeutic head massage;

- taking multivitamins;

- various injections;

- mesotherapy;

- Acceptance of stimulants for hair growth;

- hardware technology, electrical stimulation.

Useful tips

Have you noticed that your hair has fallen out? Pay attention to products with white lupine protein. It boosts skin metabolism by 18%.

Buying shampoos, sprays, balms, masks, and other hair products, pay attention that they are natural, and do not contain parabens, silicones, or propylene glycol.

Nutrition for alopecia should be balanced. Useful for hair vegetables, fruits, products that contain gelatin (gelatin is contained in the tendons, joints, skin, and meat of animals, fish, and birds) and iodine (seaweed, caviar, cod, haddock, and tuna meat, shrimp, squid, persimmon, black currant). But it is better to give up sweets, flour, fat, and smoked foods.