Posted on Jan 15, 2021 169
Egypt is a mysterious oriental country shrouded in mystery. Its history goes back over 60 centuries. She gave the world a lot of discoveries and inventions. Today Egypt is a popular resort and ancient landmarks. On its territory is the wonder of the world, the only one of the seven that has survived to this day. We offer you a selection of interesting facts about Egypt that may surprise you.
Egypt - a country of mysteries.
1. The second longest river in the world after the Amazon is the Nile. Its sources are in Rwanda and after 6852 km. it flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The ancient Egyptians called the Nile “Itera” - “great river”. And the name “Nile” the river got from the Greeks, who called it “Nailos”.
2. The Nile is the only river that runs through the Sahara Desert and makes possible the existence of any life in this desert along its shores.
3. The Nile is home to crocodiles, turtles, and the Nile perch, which can weigh up to 140 kg.
4. The fullness of the Nile varies depending on the season, but on average, during the year the river pours about 3 thousand tons of water per second into the sea!
5. Despite the development of sciences, in particular - geography in the ancient world, neither the Egyptians nor other geographers of ancient times had no idea where Nile begins. That is why the river was often depicted as a deity with its head covered, alluding to the unexplored sources of the river. The ancient Egyptians can be called super-pagans. They worshipped over 1,400 different deities. And even one deity could have many forms. Well, the answer to the question of where all the same is the major source of the Nile, the scientists could agree only in 30-50 years of the twentieth century.
6. In the IV-VI centuries, Orthodoxy was the most common religion in Egypt. Egyptian monasticism, hermitage and the abundance of saints who left behind many writings are still considered a model in the Orthodox world today.
7. Today Egypt is a Muslim country. However, Christians still exist in Egypt, although they have been persecuted in recent years. And yet they live in the country for about 10% of the total population. Today, however, Egyptian Christians are not Orthodox. Most of them belong to the so-called "Coptic Church".
8. The only one of the famous “7 Wonders of the World” that has come down to us from ancient times is the Cheops Pyramid. The pyramid comprises approximately 2.3 million stone blocks arranged in 203 tiers up to a height of 137 meters. It shapes each block like a cube and weighs from 2.5 to 15 tons. It used to be believed that slaves built the pyramids. Freelance builders who were well fed, treated for their injuries and paid money. created but modern research shows that the stone giants The builders took pride in their work, as evidenced by the graffiti they left on the blocks.
9. Despite all the grandeur of the pyramid of Cheops, the modern builders were not inferior to their ancient ancestors in their diligence. The Aswan Dam, which blocked the Nile in 1970 to regulate its floods, contains 17 times more building materials than were used to build the great pyramid. It took 10 years to build, is 111 meters high and is the most massive structure in the world!
10. 95% of the territory of Egypt are deserts. The largest and most famous are the Sahara and the Libyan Desert. On the remaining 5% is almost the entire population of the country and the location of all its cities. And these 5% lie entirely in the Nile Delta.
11. When the word “Egypt” in the mind of the average European three associations immediately arise: the pyramids, the pharaohs and, of course - tourist resorts. The amount of money that the country receives from outside tourism is only in third place. Inferior to the leader - the income from fees for passage of ships through the Suez Canal. In second place are the revenues from oil sales.
12. The ancient Egyptians were the first to calculate the length of the year, 365 days. They also invented to divide the day into 24 hours.
13. Several thousand years before the discovery of penicillin, the Egyptians knew that we can successfully treat several infectious diseases with bread mold or earth mold.
14. I love tourists in Egypt. Twelve percent of the country’s working population is employed to serve tourists. And Egyptian police usually take the side of foreign tourists in controversial situations.
15. The ancient Egyptians believed that the pharaoh after his physical death joins the gods and also becomes a god.
16. 90% of Egyptians profess Sunni Islam. Most of them adhere to conservative Muslim traditions.
17. Cats were sacred animals in Egypt. Almost like cows in India. To kill a cat was considered a terrible crime and was punished up to and including death. Cats were also mummified. However, the Egyptians were fans and mummification masters. For example, besides the famous human and feline mummies, archaeologists found many mummies of ibises.
18. I issued the mummy of the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II a modern Egyptian passport. It was necessary to send it to France for restoration in 1974. After the total looting of Egyptian relics by all invaders and colonizers without exception, they adopted strict laws in Egypt regarding the export of cultural property abroad. Therefore, in order to avoid the delays associated with the transportation of the mummy, which is a historical treasure, it was simply treated as a sick citizen on his way to treatment abroad.
19. The custom of wearing a wedding ring on the ring finger appeared in ancient Egypt. Then it was taken over by Greeks, from them - by Romans, and then the rest of Europe.
20. The most famous Egyptian queen was Cleopatra. She ruled the country for 22 years. But Cleopatra was not Egyptian. She was of Greek descent. By the way, the myth of her unearthly beauty is a myth replicated by the moviemakers. Coins have survived with her image, on which the profile of the queen is not only not beautiful, but more masculine.
21. The Egyptians are very cunning and thrifty. When the authorities imposed a property tax, they dismantled the capital roofs of their houses en masse. And new ones were not roofed at all. After all, according to the law, there is no need to pay taxes on unfinished housing. Since even in the most severe “cold” air temperature in Egyptian towns and villages does not fall below +15 ° C, then for decades to live under a light “temporary” awnings particularly does not bother anyone.
22. In the Red Sea, on the shores of which Egypt lies partially, not a single river flows through. Therefore, it is the cleanest in the world and the most salty, after the Israeli Dead Sea. But unlike the latter, the Red Sea has very rich flora and fauna, which attracts many underwater tourists from around the world.
23. Egypt is the most populous country in the Middle East. According to the results of the last census which was conducted in 2016, there were almost 93 million people in the country. As mentioned above, almost all of them live in 5% of the country. They all speak Arabic and write from right to left.
24. The highest mountain peak in Egypt is 2629 meters above sea level and is called Jebel Katrin.
25. I believe it that writing was invented in ancient Egypt. There were invented the ink and the first paper made of papyrus. However, the Egyptians gave the world many everyday inventions. For example, toothbrushes and toothpaste, fly swatters and wigs, all wealthy citizens wore which.
26. Although the inhabitants of Egypt, mostly, are extremely poor, the economy is one of the largest and most diversified in the Middle East. And in the coming decades, I expect it to take a leading position in the region.
27. The Aswan Dam has spared Egypt from seasonal Nile floods and protected farmland from annual floods. However, the joy of local farmers from this construction is not so unclouded. During the famous floods, the Nile used to deposit significant quantities of fertile silt on the fields. Now all the silt piles up in Lake Nasser, and farmers have to use more than a million tons of artificial fertilizer every year.
28. The main pests of the fields in Egypt are considered... hippos!
29. There is a monument in Egypt to the Kalashnikov machine gun.
30. All the kings who ever ruled ancient Egypt were buried in one place. It is called the Valley of the Kings. The tombs were built in such a way that it was difficult for daring robbers to find even the entrance to the tomb, and if they found it, it was not so easy to get into the burial chamber itself because of cunning traps.