Posted on Sep 15, 2022 59
Green and black tea are the two main varieties of tea that the average person knows. The difference between these varieties is not clear: whether they are different tea bushes, or whether the leaves undergo different processing.
Let’s try to understand the major differences between the two teas, including their benefits for the body.
Green and black teas are leaves harvested from the same bush. That green and black tea are harvested from two different bushes is a myth. The raw material in both cases is collected from a plant called Camellia Sinensis.
So it’s definitely not about the type of shrub. In fact, the leaves have different colors because of the different processing of the raw material. Green teas basically only go through the drying process, but black teas go through a long fermentation process.
Most of the time, this process involves evaporating moisture from the leaves, then oxidation takes place, during which fermentation takes place. This is transforming the structure of the tea leaf.
Fermentation is triggered at elevated temperatures. After the tea leaf reaches the desired fermentation, it is dried in an “oven”. Green tea goes through squeezing out excess moisture.
Black tea changes the structure of chemical compounds, green tea keeps it almost in a pristine state. The question logically arises: which tea is healthier, black or green?
Green tea keeps its original composition of the leaf (fermentation rarely exceeds 10%), so the leaves keep more antioxidants. They are rich in B vitamins (B, B1, B2, B15), vitamin A, C, P, fluoride, potassium, zinc.
Black tea is inferior to green tea in the number of nutrients, however, it is also rich in vitamins B, P and PP.
The question “Which tea is healthier: green or black” makes no sense, because each of them is useful in its own way.
Green teas are mainly from Asian countries, China and Japan. One of the most popular varieties is oolong. But black varieties are predominantly made in the India and Sri Lanka.
A question that arises often among tea drinkers. No one forbids mixing the two. However, it is worth considering the rules for brewing: when brewed with boiling water, green tea loses its properties - it needs a temperature of 70-80 degrees. Black tea, on the contrary, needs to be poured with water 95-100 degrees.
If you brew black tea with green tea, then the green tea loses the lion’s share of its beneficial properties. If you brew both kinds of tea with water of 70-80 degrees, then the black tea will brew badly and will not give the drink the substances and flavors.
It is better to brew black tea with herbs and herbal mixtures, as their brewing requirements are approximately similar.
Whatever healing drink was not tea, there were always contraindications to its use.