Top 8 Diseases of Office Workers


Posted on Nov 4, 2022      140


Because of many studies, it was found that all those who are associated with working in offices and spend a long time sitting at the computer are at risk of getting many diseases. We present a list of the main “office illnesses”, as well as methods of combating and preventing them.

Working in modern offices is practically unconnected to any dangers and risks. A spacious, bright room, comfortable office chair, desk, computer, and air conditioning. All this creates an atmosphere of comfort and coziness. In addition, it is always possible to have a light snack while working.

However, because of many studies, it was found out that everyone who is connected with the work in offices and sits at the computer for a long time risks getting a lot of diseases. Although it’s hard to avoid the negative effects of such work, it is possible to reduce the likelihood of many diseases.

Here is a list of the main “office illnesses”, as well as methods of their prevention.

1. Chronic fatigue

The fast pace of life, constant stress, strain, and overwork at work can lead to chronic fatigue syndrome. The manager’s syndrome. It is accompanied by a decrease in the body’s defenses, which can lead to a worsening of many chronic diseases. Therefore, symptoms such as insomnia, headaches, lack of sleep, and reduced efficiency should be alert.

What should you do?

- Normalize the regime of rest;

- Perform daily physical activity;

- Do not ignore walks in the fresh air, especially before going to bed;

- Try to “leave” all work-related problems in the office.

2. Back Pain

Office work is connected with prolonged sitting in one place. Be at your desk for at least 5-6 hours. And this often entails many illnesses. In particular, there are problems with the back and joints. Especially if the workplace is improperly arranged.

What should you do?

- Periodically distract yourself with small breaks;

- Exercise lightly during the day;

- To organize the workplace so that to keep the correct posture;

- Keep your head straight without bending over.

3. Deterioration of eyesight

Exactly working on the monitor can have a negative impact on eyesight. Working at the computer, one strains his/her eyes and blinks less frequently. Dry eye syndrome can occur. This can manifest itself as dryness and  harshness in the eye. And sometimes there is a feeling of a foreign body in the eye (like sand in the eye).

What should I do?

- First, you need to pay attention to your workplace. The table should be placed so that the window is not in front of you. The center of the screen should be at eye level or slightly below. The monitor screen should be at least 50-60 cm away from your eyes. The lighting should not be too bright. The ideal is a dim, diffused light.

- It is also not recommended to direct the air conditioner air into the face.

- Every 15-20 minutes you need to look away from the monitor, to look at objects in the distance. Here, it is necessary to blink vigorously and often, wetting the mucous membranes of the eyes.

- It is good to do eye exercises at least once a day. And if the eye mucosa still dries up, see a doctor. Your doctor may recommend special drops that mimic a tear.

4. Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) occurs in those people who are constantly typing on the keyboard and using the mouse. It is a neurological disorder that occurs when the median nerve between the bones of the transverse carpal ligament and the tendons of the wrist muscles are compressed. The disease is manifested by prolonged pain and numbness in the fingers of the wrist. Over time, the pain and numbness can spread throughout the hand into the shoulder.

What should I do?

- The computer should be placed so that it is convenient to use the mouse and keyboard.

- Shake your hands periodically.

- Clench and unclench your fingers into fists at least 10-12 times in a row.

- Take breaks while working on the computer.

5. Illnesses because of improper nutrition

The modern way of life entails an irregular diet. Fast foods, semi-finished products, high-calorie, and sweet pastries - the consumption of such food can end up with gastritis and other gastrointestinal diseases.

What should you do?

- Change your diet and nutrition - try not to eat fast food, and avoid fried and fatty foods. Eat as many fresh vegetables, fruits, and vegetables as possible.

- Drink 1.5-2 liters of clean water a day.

- Instead of harmful office snacks such as chocolates and cookies, eat more vegetables, fruits, berries, and nuts.

6. Bacterial diseases

Specialists in microbiology claim that your computer keyboard harbors all kinds of bacteria. If you don’t clean it regularly, your keyboard can harbor up to six times more harmful microorganisms than your bathroom or toilet. These can include E. coli and coliform bacteria, which cause severe intestinal poisoning. Office furniture, doorknobs, telephones, and appliances of all kinds are also at risk.

What needs to be done?

- Regularly clean the office and apply antiseptic to all surfaces.

- Keep your work area clean.

- Wash your hands often, especially before you go out for lunch.

7. Allergic diseases

A large amount of dust in offices makes it very difficult for people who suffer from allergic diseases to work. In addition, any office equipment (air conditioners, printers, scanners) emits toxic harmful substances. If the filter in the printer is not changed in time, ozone is released, which is potentially dangerous to health. And if air conditioners are not cleaned regularly, they can cause allergic diseases and lung disease.

What to do?

- Ventilate the room as often as possible. Air conditioners cannot replace fresh air.

- It is necessary to change the filters in the office equipment more often. And let professionals take care of this business - especially for replacing the filter in the air conditioner.

- Regularly carry out a wet cleaning of the room.

8. Infectious viral diseases

Offices with many employees are breeding grounds for many infections. Of course, during epidemics of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections, most often suffer office workers. There is a high probability that sick employees can infect other colleagues. The number of colds also increases because of the difference in temperature between the office and the street.

What to do?

- During an epidemic, try to avoid greeting through handshakes and kisses. This is the first way you can get infected.

- For example, in Southeast Asia (home to influenza viruses) during an epidemic, not only everyone wears masks but also cancels meetings and meetings. Virologists strongly recommend introducing this measure everywhere.

- During an epidemic it is necessary to eat a lot of fruits and vegetables. Drink vitamin C in organic form. Be sure to ventilate the office space regularly.

Unfortunately, many professions nowadays are connected to the office or sitting at the computer. And it is unlikely to change anything soon. Therefore, try to stick to these tips and lead a healthy lifestyle. Then the above diseases will not have any chance to encroach on your health.


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