Posted on Jan 12, 2021 158
Lightning strikes are extremely dangerous. Lightning can destroy a building, a power pole, a factory chimney, or cause a fire. Lightning is especially dangerous to living things. Its strike is fatal for all living things, but in humans and animals lightning strikes relatively rarely and only in those cases where the man himself because of ignorance creates favorable conditions for it.
Lightning always moves to the ground by the shortest route. Therefore, lightning often strikes chief objects, and of the two objects of equal height - in the one that is the best conductor.
Hence the precautions that must be observed to keep away from lightning.
In the house.
- Close all windows and doors.
- Unplug all electrical appliances from outlets. Do not touch them, or phones, during a thunderstorm.
- Stay away from bathtubs, taps and sinks, as metal pipes can conduct electricity.
- If a ball lightning flew to your house (though statistically such “lucky” people are very few) don’t make any sudden movements and don’t run away, because you can cause the airflow on which the blob of energy will fly purposefully after you. Stay away from electric appliances and wiring, do not touch the metal objects and try to leave the little studied atmospheric-electrical phenomenon alone. In only a minute, the lightning will disappear by itself.
- Try to go inside a house or a car.
- If there is no shelter, go out into the open space and, having bent down, press to the ground. It is very dangerous during a thunderstorm to stand at full height! But you can’t just lie down either! Wet ground is an excellent conductor, so lightning can strike the ground.
- Try to take cover in the lowest place, whether it is a ditch, ravine or a small hollow.
- In the woods, it is best to take cover under low bushes. NEVER stand under a solitary tree. Lightning primarily targets tall objects, including trees. Oak, pine, poplar, and spruce trees are especially good at attracting lightning.
- Avoid towers, fences, tall trees, telephone and electric wires, and bus stops.
- Stay away from bicycles, barbecues, and other metal objects.
- Stay away from lakes, rivers or other bodies of water.
- Take off anything metal. Never use an umbrella during a thunderstorm!
- Do not use a cell phone.
- Don’t stand in a crowd.
- If the thunder-storm found you in the boat and you aren’t in time to swim to the coast any more, get down to the bottom of a boat, connect feet and cover the head and ears.
In the car
- If a thunderstorm caught you on the way, it is necessary to stop, close all windows and the top of the car (if it is with an open top), lower the radio antenna, and do not leave the shelter. Inside a fully enclosed car, you are out of danger during a thunderstorm. The fact is that, although the car comprises metal, it creates the effect of the so-called Faraday cage, a device that is a grounded cage made of a well-conducting material. Such a device shields electromagnetic fields well.
- With an open vehicle (bicycle, motorcycle), you must immediately stop and move thirty meters away from the vehicle.