Posted on Apr 16, 2021 135
It is difficult to find this dwarf state on the world map - the Republic of Nauru is in the western Pacific Ocean on an island of just over 21 square kilometers. And the population of Nauru Island is 11,500 people. This state is quite young. The independence of the island was declared only half a century ago - in 1968. It should also be noted that this is one of the smallest independent republics on our planet.
Interestingly, Nauru has no official capital, the Parliament of the State sits in the district of Yaren, whose population is only 820 people. The only international airport on the island is located here. In addition, there is a railroad which is 4 kilometers long.
There are no freshwater rivers on Nauru, which is a big problem for the population. They have to deliver fresh water to tankers from Australia. Also, the local population collects water when it rains.
Once there were vast reserves of phosphorites, their extraction and export made up the major source of income of the country, and the standard of living of the islanders was one of the highest in the world. But the deposits are now depleted, and the state’s foreign debt has exploded. And every nine out of ten people in the country were unemployed.
There are even few traffic lights on the island. They, by the way, have an unusual purpose: the red light is only turned on so that the car traffic stops and the plane can make a safe landing.
Almost 90% of Nauru residents are overweight, and one in three of them suffers from diabetes. All these are the consequences of a sedentary lifestyle: in the “rich” times, when the budget of the island received a huge income, the Nauruans ate very well and moved little. What they probably regret now.
The first inhabitants appeared on the island three thousand years ago. But the Europeans knew nothing about Nauru until the end of the XVIII century. Only in 1798, the expedition of British explorer John Fearn visited here. There were 12 tribes living there. Later this was reflected on the flag of Nauru, which depicts a twelve-pointed star.
The most popular sport in Nauru is weightlifting. This, one of the few sporting disciplines in which Nauru’s athletes have been successful on the international stage. Even the president of the country, Stephen Marcus, is a former weightlifter. And at a high level, too. In 1999, he won a silver medal at the world championships.
The island of Nauru isn’t very popular among tourists: only 200-300 foreign guests come here annually. Affects the weak infrastructure and lack of attractions, which could interest tourists.
In 1967, three Volkswagen cars were sold on the island, while the year before only one. The manufacturer used this for promotional purposes, claiming that car sales on the island had tripled!